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Trunk sap flow characteristics during two growth stages of apple tree and its relationships with affecting factors in an arid region of northwest China

Author

Listed:
  • Liu, Chunwei
  • Du, Taisheng
  • Li, Fusheng
  • Kang, Shaozhong
  • Li, Sien
  • Tong, Ling

Abstract

Sap flow is an important parameter for orchard irrigation scheduling. According to seasonal variation of trunk diameter and leaf area index (LAI), the whole growth stage of apple tree was divided into stage I (rapid leaf and trunk growing) and stage II (rapid fruit enlarging and maturing). Trunk sap flow (SF) of apple tree irrigated with 100% evapotranspiration (ET) was measured using the compensation heat-pulse method, and meteorological variables, soil water content (θ), LAI, maximum daily stem shrinkage (MDS) and leaf water potential (φl) were monitored during the whole stages from 2008 to 2010 in an apple orchard of arid region of northwest China. The relationships between SF and affecting factors were also analyzed. The results show that LAI increased rapidly at stage I, and SF was mainly determined by vapor pressure deficit (VPD), LAI and reference evapotranspiration (ET0). However, LAI was relatively stable at stage II, and SF was affected by VPD, ET0 and θ. Under the condition of border irrigation with 100% ET, tree SF could be calculated using VPD, ET0 and LAI at stage I, and VPD, ET0 and θ at stage II. Moreover, SF had significantly negative linear relationship with φl and exponential relationship with MDS. Therefore, it is beneficial for more accurate modeling of truck sap flow and orchard water management under border irrigation by analyzing major factors affecting sap flow during two stages of apple tree.

Suggested Citation

  • Liu, Chunwei & Du, Taisheng & Li, Fusheng & Kang, Shaozhong & Li, Sien & Tong, Ling, 2012. "Trunk sap flow characteristics during two growth stages of apple tree and its relationships with affecting factors in an arid region of northwest China," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 193-202.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:104:y:2012:i:c:p:193-202
    DOI: 10.1016/j.agwat.2011.12.014
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ma, Fusheng & Kang, Shaozhong & Li, Fusheng & Zhang, Jianhua & Du, Taisheng & Hu, Xiaotao & Wang, Mixia, 2007. "Effect of water deficit in different growth stages on stem sap flux of greenhouse grown pear-jujube tree," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 90(3), pages 190-196, June.
    2. Nicolas, E. & Torrecillas, A. & Ortuno, M.F. & Domingo, R. & Alarcon, J.J., 2005. "Evaluation of transpiration in adult apricot trees from sap flow measurements," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 131-145, March.
    3. Gong, Daozhi & Kang, Shaozhong & Zhang, Lu & Du, Taisheng & Yao, Limin, 2006. "A two-dimensional model of root water uptake for single apple trees and its verification with sap flow and soil water content measurements," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 83(1-2), pages 119-129, May.
    4. Zhang, Baozhong & Kang, Shaozhong & Li, Fusheng & Tong, Ling & Du, Taisheng, 2010. "Variation in vineyard evapotranspiration in an arid region of northwest China," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 97(11), pages 1898-1904, November.
    5. Zhang, Yanqun & Kang, Shaozhong & Ward, Eric J. & Ding, Risheng & Zhang, Xin & Zheng, Rui, 2011. "Evapotranspiration components determined by sap flow and microlysimetry techniques of a vineyard in northwest China: Dynamics and influential factors," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 98(8), pages 1207-1214, May.
    6. Liu, Xiaozhi & Kang, Shaozhong & Li, Fusheng, 2009. "Simulation of artificial neural network model for trunk sap flow of Pyrus pyrifolia and its comparison with multiple-linear regression," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 96(6), pages 939-945, June.
    7. Ortuño, M.F. & Conejero, W. & Moreno, F. & Moriana, A. & Intrigliolo, D.S. & Biel, C. & Mellisho, C.D. & Pérez-Pastor, A. & Domingo, R. & Ruiz-Sánchez, M.C. & Casadesus, J. & Bonany, J. & Torrecillas,, 2010. "Could trunk diameter sensors be used in woody crops for irrigation scheduling? A review of current knowledge and future perspectives," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 97(1), pages 1-11, January.
    8. González-Altozano, P. & Pavel, E.W. & Oncins, J.A. & Doltra, J. & Cohen, M. & Paço, T. & Massai, R. & Castel, J.R., 2008. "Comparative assessment of five methods of determining sap flow in peach trees," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 95(5), pages 503-515, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Du, Shaoqing & Kang, Shaozhong & Li, Fusheng & Du, Taisheng, 2017. "Water use efficiency is improved by alternate partial root-zone irrigation of apple in arid northwest China," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 179(C), pages 184-192.
    2. repec:eee:agiwat:v:197:y:2018:i:c:p:19-33 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:agiwat:v:191:y:2017:i:c:p:1-15 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jiang, Xuelian & Kang, Shaozhong & Li, Fusheng & Du, Taisheng & Tong, Ling & Comas, Louise, 2016. "Evapotranspiration partitioning and variation of sap flow in female and male parents of maize for hybrid seed production in arid region," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 176(C), pages 132-141.
    5. repec:eee:agiwat:v:194:y:2017:i:c:p:1-12 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:eee:agiwat:v:190:y:2017:i:c:p:21-30 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Measham, P.F. & Wilson, S.J. & Gracie, A.J. & Bound, S.A., 2014. "Tree water relations: Flow and fruit," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 137(C), pages 59-67.
    8. Chen, Dianyu & Wang, Youke & Liu, Shouyang & Wei, Xinguang & Wang, Xing, 2014. "Response of relative sap flow to meteorological factors under different soil moisture conditions in rainfed jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) plantations in semiarid Northwest China," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 136(C), pages 23-33.

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