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Rainfall variability adaptation strategies: An ex-ante assessment of supplemental irrigation from farm ponds in southern Burkina Faso

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  • Sanfo, Safiétou
  • Barbier, Bruno
  • Dabiré, Isabelle W.P.
  • Vlek, Paul L.G.
  • Fonta, William M.
  • Ibrahim, Boubacar
  • Barry, Boubacar

Abstract

This study assesses the economic value of supplemental irrigation as a rainfall variability adaptation strategy in a small catchment in south-western Burkina Faso. The bio-economic model built for the catchment maximises net cash income by optimally allocating land, labour, water and capital. Yields vary according to soil type, agricultural practice and the type of rainy season. We introduced farm ponds as an adaptation strategy – called supplemental irrigation – for grain crops during long dry spells in the rainy season. Simulation results show that supplemental irrigation can be cost effective and increase incomes, particularly during years with poor rainfall. However, in this catchment, gains from supplemental irrigation are limited because labour and capital are constraints on pond implementation.

Suggested Citation

  • Sanfo, Safiétou & Barbier, Bruno & Dabiré, Isabelle W.P. & Vlek, Paul L.G. & Fonta, William M. & Ibrahim, Boubacar & Barry, Boubacar, 2017. "Rainfall variability adaptation strategies: An ex-ante assessment of supplemental irrigation from farm ponds in southern Burkina Faso," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 152(C), pages 80-89.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:agisys:v:152:y:2017:i:c:p:80-89
    DOI: 10.1016/j.agsy.2016.12.011
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Barry, Boubacar, 2008. "Rainwater harvesting technologies in the Sahelian zone of West Africa and the potential for outscaling," IWMI Working Papers H042111, International Water Management Institute.
    7. Fox, P. & Rockstrom, J. & Barron, J., 2005. "Risk analysis and economic viability of water harvesting for supplemental irrigation in semi-arid Burkina Faso and Kenya," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 83(3), pages 231-250, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paulilo Brasil & Pedro Medeiros, 2020. "NeStRes – Model for Operation of Non-Strategic Reservoirs for Irrigation in Drylands: Model Description and Application to a Semiarid Basin," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 34(1), pages 195-210, January.
    2. Sekyi-Annan, Ephraim & Tischbein, Bernhard & Diekkrüger, Bernd & Khamzina, Asia, 2018. "Performance evaluation of reservoir-based irrigation schemes in the Upper East region of Ghana," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 202(C), pages 134-145.

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