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Rainfall variability adaptation strategies: An ex-ante assessment of supplemental irrigation from farm ponds in southern Burkina Faso

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  • Sanfo, Safiétou
  • Barbier, Bruno
  • Dabiré, Isabelle W.P.
  • Vlek, Paul L.G.
  • Fonta, William M.
  • Ibrahim, Boubacar
  • Barry, Boubacar

Abstract

This study assesses the economic value of supplemental irrigation as a rainfall variability adaptation strategy in a small catchment in south-western Burkina Faso. The bio-economic model built for the catchment maximises net cash income by optimally allocating land, labour, water and capital. Yields vary according to soil type, agricultural practice and the type of rainy season. We introduced farm ponds as an adaptation strategy – called supplemental irrigation – for grain crops during long dry spells in the rainy season. Simulation results show that supplemental irrigation can be cost effective and increase incomes, particularly during years with poor rainfall. However, in this catchment, gains from supplemental irrigation are limited because labour and capital are constraints on pond implementation.

Suggested Citation

  • Sanfo, Safiétou & Barbier, Bruno & Dabiré, Isabelle W.P. & Vlek, Paul L.G. & Fonta, William M. & Ibrahim, Boubacar & Barry, Boubacar, 2017. "Rainfall variability adaptation strategies: An ex-ante assessment of supplemental irrigation from farm ponds in southern Burkina Faso," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 152(C), pages 80-89.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:agisys:v:152:y:2017:i:c:p:80-89
    DOI: 10.1016/j.agsy.2016.12.011
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kumar, M. Dinesh & van Dam, J. C., 2008. "Improving water productivity in agriculture in developing economies: in search of new avenues," IWMI Conference Proceedings 245276, International Water Management Institute.
    2. Somlanare Romuald KINDA & Félix BADOLO, 2014. "Climatic Variability and Food Security in Developing Countries," Working Papers 201405, CERDI.
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    4. Fox, P. & Rockstrom, J. & Barron, J., 2005. "Risk analysis and economic viability of water harvesting for supplemental irrigation in semi-arid Burkina Faso and Kenya," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 83(3), pages 231-250, March.
    5. Kumar, M. Dinesh & van Dam, J. C., 2008. "Improving water productivity in agriculture in developing economies: in search of new avenues," Conference Papers h041878, International Water Management Institute.
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    7. Barry, Boubacar, 2008. "Rainwater harvesting technologies in the Sahelian zone of West Africa and the potential for outscaling," IWMI Working Papers H042111, International Water Management Institute.
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    Cited by:

    1. Koide, Junji & Yokoyama, Shigeki & Hirouchi, Shinji & Hirose, Chikako & Oka, Naoko & Oda, Masato & Yanagihara, Seiji, 2021. "Exploring climate-resilient and risk-efficient cropping strategies using a new pond irrigation system: An experimental study in northern Ghana," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 191(C).
    2. Christopher Ksoll & Elena Moroz & Abbie Turiansky & Anthony D'Agostino & Yiriyibin Bambio & Daniel Roberge & Randall Blair, "undated". "MCC Burkina Faso—Agriculture Development Project," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 6687698087fb4146a11d442dc, Mathematica Policy Research.
    3. Paulilo Brasil & Pedro Medeiros, 2020. "NeStRes – Model for Operation of Non-Strategic Reservoirs for Irrigation in Drylands: Model Description and Application to a Semiarid Basin," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 34(1), pages 195-210, January.
    4. Sekyi-Annan, Ephraim & Tischbein, Bernhard & Diekkrüger, Bernd & Khamzina, Asia, 2018. "Performance evaluation of reservoir-based irrigation schemes in the Upper East region of Ghana," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 202(C), pages 134-145.

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