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Can book-tax differences capture earnings management and tax Management? Empirical evidence from China

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  • Tang, Tanya
  • Firth, Michael

Abstract

This study investigates the relationship between book-tax differences (BTDs) and earnings management, tax management, and their interactions in Chinese-listed companies. Using unique tax-effect BTDs obtained from Chinese B-share-listed firms, we find that firms with strong incentives for earnings and tax management exhibit high levels of abnormal BTDs. This suggests that BTDs can be used to capture both accounting and tax manipulations induced by managerial motivations. Our results indicate that earnings management explains 7.4% of abnormal BTDs, tax management accounts for 27.8% of abnormal BTDs, and their interaction explains 3.2% of abnormal BTDs. Tax-effect BTDs are more powerful than income-effect BTDs in capturing opportunistic reporting at both conceptual and empirical levels.

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  • Tang, Tanya & Firth, Michael, 2011. "Can book-tax differences capture earnings management and tax Management? Empirical evidence from China," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 175-204, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:accoun:v:46:y:2011:i:2:p:175-204
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    Cited by:

    1. Moore, Jared A. & Xu, Li, 2018. "Book-tax differences and costs of private debt," Advances in accounting, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 70-82.
    2. Beladi, Hamid & Chao, Chi Chur & Hu, May, 2018. "Does tax avoidance behavior affect bank loan contracts for Chinese listed firms?," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 104-116.
    3. Tang, Tanya Y.H. & Firth, Michael, 2012. "Earnings Persistence and Stock Market Reactions to the Different Information in Book-Tax Differences: Evidence from China," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 369-397.
    4. Frey, Lisa & Engelhard, Lisa, 2017. "Review on tax research in accounting: Is the information given by U.S. GAAP income taxes also provided by IFRS?," Passauer Diskussionspapiere, Betriebswirtschaftliche Reihe B-28-17, University of Passau, Faculty of Business and Economics.
    5. Frey, Lisa & Möller, Manuela, 2015. "Der Zusammenhang zwischen „book-tax differences“ und Bilanzpolitik zum Erreichen eines positiven Jahresergebnisses," Die Unternehmung - Swiss Journal of Business Research and Practice, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG, vol. 69(4), pages 467-500.
    6. Tanya Y.H. Tang, 2015. "Does Book-Tax Conformity Deter Opportunistic Book and Tax Reporting? An International Analysis," European Accounting Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(3), pages 441-469, September.
    7. Der-Fen Huang & Ming-Lei Chang, 2016. "Do auditor-provided tax services improve the relation between tax-related internal control and book-tax differences?," Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(2), pages 177-199, June.
    8. Richardson, Grant & Wang, Bei & Zhang, Xinmin, 2016. "Ownership structure and corporate tax avoidance: Evidence from publicly listed private firms in China," Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 141-158.
    9. Gongmeng Chen & Michael Firth & Daniel Ning Gao, 2011. "The Information Content of Earnings Components: Evidence from the Chinese Stock Market," European Accounting Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(4), pages 669-692, May.
    10. Wei Huang & Tingting Ying & Yun Shen, 2018. "Executive cash compensation and tax aggressiveness of Chinese firms," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 51(4), pages 1151-1180, November.

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