IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Issues arising for accounting harmonization: The case of stock options in Italy


  • Corbella, Silvano
  • Florio, Cristina


In Italy, national generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) regulations coexist, despite differences that lead to their antagonist forms of accounting relativism. In this context, the two accounting systems provide for different representations of stock options plans, with significant effects on year-end income measures. This study therefore considers the emblematic case of stock options with the goal of demonstrating, on the basis of the dominant accounting principles and conventional wisdom in Italy, that the aforementioned difference cannot be explained by reasons connected with the accounting conceptual framework of reference in each system. Rather, inquiries should focus on weaknesses in national GAAP.

Suggested Citation

  • Corbella, Silvano & Florio, Cristina, 2010. "Issues arising for accounting harmonization: The case of stock options in Italy," Accounting forum, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 184-195.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:accfor:v:34:y:2010:i:3:p:184-195
    DOI: 10.1016/j.accfor.2010.08.001

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Charles I. Harter & T. Harikumar, 2002. "Accounting for Option-based Compensation: "The Economic Cost Approach"," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(7&8), pages 1007-1022.
    2. Black, Fischer & Scholes, Myron S, 1972. "The Valuation of Option Contracts and a Test of Market Efficiency," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 27(2), pages 399-417, May.
    3. Carpenter, Jennifer N., 1998. "The exercise and valuation of executive stock options," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 127-158, May.
    4. Lisa Evans & Guenther Gebhardt & Martin Hoogendoorn & Jan Marton & Roberto Di Pietra & Araceli Mora & Frank ThinggÄrd & Petri Vehmanen & Alfred Wagenhofer, 2005. "Problems and Opportunities of an International Financial Reporting Standard for Small and Medium-sized Entities. The EAA FRSC's Comment on the IASB's Discussion Paper," Accounting in Europe, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(1), pages 23-45, January.
    5. Shapiro, Brian P., 1997. "Objectivity, relativism, and truth in external financial reporting: What's really at stake in the disputes?," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 165-185, February.
    6. Wayne Guay & Richard Sloan, 2003. "Accounting for Employee Stock Options," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(2), pages 405-409, May.
    7. Ross A. Maller & Rosemary Tan & Mark Vyver, 2002. "How Might Companies Value ESOs?," Australian Accounting Review, CPA Australia, vol. 12(26), pages 11-24, March.
    8. Zambon, Stefano & Zan, Luca, 2000. "Accounting relativism: the unstable relationship between income measurement and theories of the firm," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 25(8), pages 799-822, November.
    9. Asheq Rahman & Hector Perera & Siva Ganesh, 2002. "Accounting Practice Harmony, Accounting Regulation and Firm Characteristics," Abacus, Accounting Foundation, University of Sydney, vol. 38(1), pages 46-77.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:accfor:v:34:y:2010:i:3:p:184-195. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.