IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eco/journ1/2020-03-26.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Efficacy of Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Sierra Leone: An ARDL Bound Testing Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Abu Bakarr Tarawalie

    (Department of Economics and Commerce, Fourah Bay College, University of Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone)

  • Noah Kargbo

    (Department of Economics and Commerce, Fourah Bay College, University of Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone)

Abstract

This paper empirically examines the relative effectiveness of fiscal and monetary policies on economic growth in Sierra Leone. The study utilizes annual time series data, spanning from 1980 to 2017, within an Autoregressive distributed Lag (ARDL) Bound Testing estimation framework popularized by Pesaran and Shin (1998). The unit root test results show that all the variables are integrated of order one, i.e. I(1), and the cointegration bound testing results confirm the existence of cointegration amongst the variables. The study reveals that monetary policy is more effective than fiscal policy in promoting economic growth in Sierra Leone. Specifically, the findings show that money supply, real exchange rate and inflation are the significant variables that influence economic growth in the long run. Whilst the finding shows a positive relationship between money supply and economic growth, it however reveals a negative relationship for both real exchange rate and inflation on growth during the study period. The short run dynamics also reveals that money supply, government revenue, government expenditure and war dummy are the main variables influencing real GDP growth in Sierra Leone. Furthermore, the result shows that 24% of the disequilibrium in real GDP is corrected within a year. The study recommends that monetary and fiscal policies should be well coordinated and government should implement a balanced budget in order to overcome the issue of fiscal dominance in the Sierra Leone economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Abu Bakarr Tarawalie & Noah Kargbo, 2020. "Efficacy of Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Sierra Leone: An ARDL Bound Testing Approach," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 10(3), pages 217-224.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ1:2020-03-26
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijefi/article/download/9407/pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijefi/article/view/9407/pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dallas S. Batten & Daniel L. Thornton, 1986. "The monetary-fiscal policy debate and the Andersen-Jordan equation," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Oct, pages 9-17.
    2. Vafa Moayedi, 2013. "Reassessing The Effect Of Fiscal And Monetary Policies In Iran: The St. Louis Equation Revisited," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 38(4), pages 123-141, December.
    3. Shahid Ali & Somia Irum & Asghar Ali, 2008. "Whether Fiscal Stance or Monetary Policy is Effective for Economic Growth in Case of South Asian Countries?," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 47(4), pages 791-799.
    4. Belliveau, Stefan, 2011. "A St.-Louis equation to reassess the influence of macroeconomic-policy instruments," MPRA Paper 28771, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Syed Tehseen Jawaid & Faisal Sultan Qadri & Nasir Ali, 2011. "Monetary-Fiscal-Trade Policy and Economic Growth in Pakistan: Time Series Empirical Investigation," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 1(3), pages 133-138, September.
    6. A. O. Olaloye & S. I. Ikhide, 1995. "Economic sustainability and the role of fiscal and monetary policies in a depressed economy: The case of Nigeria," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 3(2), pages 89-100.
    7. Şen, Hüseyin & Kaya, Ayşe, 2015. "The relative effectiveness of Monetary and Fiscal Policies on growth: what does long-run SVAR model tell us?," MPRA Paper 65903, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Aug 2015.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic growth; fiscal policy; monetary policy; Autoregressive distributed lag; Sierra Leone;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • C50 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - General
    • P24 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - National Income, Product, and Expenditure; Money; Inflation

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eco:journ1:2020-03-26. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ilhan Ozturk). General contact details of provider: http://www.econjournals.com .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.