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Readability of Initial Public Offering Prospectus and Earnings Performance

Author

Listed:
  • Rachappa Shette

    (Finance, Accounting and Control Area, Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode - 673 570, Kerala, India)

  • Sudershan Kuntluru

    (Finance, Accounting and Control Area, Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode - 673 570, Kerala, India.)

Abstract

The present study examines the readability of IPO prospectus in relation to short-term earnings performance and long-term earnings surprise. In this study, Fog Index is the measure of IPO prospectus readability. Cross-sectional regression models are applied on 115 IPOs to examine the effect of readability scores on earnings performance and earnings surprise. Based on empirical analysis, we find positive correlation between Fog index and IPO-year earnings performance. In the short-run, IPO-year earnings performance of companies with difficult to read prospectus is higher than that of companies with easy to read prospectus. In the long-run, the earnings surprise for companies with difficult to read prospectus is higher than that of companies with easy to read prospectus. Unlike the existing studies, application of readability index to IPO prospectus and linking it with short-term earnings performance and long-term earnings surprise is the contribution of the study.

Suggested Citation

  • Rachappa Shette & Sudershan Kuntluru, 2018. "Readability of Initial Public Offering Prospectus and Earnings Performance," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 8(3), pages 68-74.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ1:2018-03-9
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Cai, Jun & Wei, K. C. John, 1997. "The investment and operating performance of Japanese initial public offerings," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 389-417, September.
    2. Tim Loughran & Bill McDonald, 2014. "Regulation and financial disclosure: The impact of plain English," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 45(1), pages 94-113, February.
    3. Kathleen Weiss Hanley, 2010. "The Information Content of IPO Prospectuses," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 23(7), pages 2821-2864, July.
    4. Jain, Bharat A & Kini, Omesh, 1994. " The Post-Issue Operating Performance of IPO Firms," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(5), pages 1699-1726, December.
    5. Kim, Kenneth A. & Kitsabunnarat, Pattanaporn & Nofsinger, John R., 2004. "Ownership and operating performance in an emerging market: evidence from Thai IPO firms," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 355-381, June.
    6. Ahmad-Zaluki, Nurwati A. & Campbell, Kevin & Goodacre, Alan, 2011. "Earnings management in Malaysian IPOs: The East Asian crisis, ownership control, and post-IPO performance," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 111-137, June.
    7. Kao, Jennifer L. & Wu, Donghui & Yang, Zhifeng, 2009. "Regulations, earnings management, and post-IPO performance: The Chinese evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 63-76, January.
    8. Ball, Ray & Shivakumar, Lakshmanan, 2008. "Earnings quality at initial public offerings," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(2-3), pages 324-349, August.
    9. Maria C. A. Balatbat & Stephen L. Taylor & Terry S. Walter, 2004. "Corporate governance, insider ownership and operating performance of Australian initial public offerings," Accounting and Finance, Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 44(3), pages 299-328.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Firm performance; Readability; Initial Public Offerings; IPO; India;

    JEL classification:

    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East

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