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Corporate Ownership and Sustainability Reporting: Environmental Agencies’ Moderating Effects


  • Alhassan Haladu

    (Tunku Puteri Intan Safinaz School of Accountancy (TISSA-UUM), College of Business, Universiti Utara, Kedah, Malaysia,)

  • Basariah Bt. Salim

    (Tunku Puteri Intan Safinaz School of Accountancy (TISSA-UUM), College of Business, Universiti Utara, Kedah, Malaysia.)


In third world economies like Nigeria, the role of foreign ownership of businesses compared to local ownership on environmental issues has been given very little attention. Foreign investors may assist in the fight against environmental degradation. This research determines the relationship between environmental information disclosure and ownership structure in combination with environmental agencies using the latest version of GRI (G4). The study is a pioneer application of environmental agencies’ role in sustainability reporting and considers 81 companies in 6 environmentally sensitive industries of the economy. From a stratified random selected sample of 67 firms, the study tested for the relationship from 2009 to 2014. The outcome showed an inverse and significant relationship between environmental disclosure and ownership structure. This forced the recommendation that local ownership should be encouraged to grow at a faster rate so that a positive impact will be reflected on environmental information disclosure.

Suggested Citation

  • Alhassan Haladu & Basariah Bt. Salim, 2016. "Corporate Ownership and Sustainability Reporting: Environmental Agencies’ Moderating Effects," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(4), pages 1784-1790.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ1:2016-04-67

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wenjing Li & Ran Zhang, 2010. "Corporate Social Responsibility, Ownership Structure, and Political Interference: Evidence from China," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 96(4), pages 631-645, November.
    2. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
    3. Abdur ROUF & Abdullah-Al HARUN, 2011. "Ownership Structure And Voluntary Disclosure In Annual Reports Of Bangladesh," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 7, pages 239-251, May.
    4. Fitriya Fauzi & Stuart Locke, 2012. "Board Structure, Ownership Structure and Firm Performance: A Study of New Zealand Listed-Firms," Asian Academy of Management Journal of Accounting and Finance (AAMJAF), Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, vol. 8(2), pages 43-67.
    5. Brian L. Connelly & Robert E. Hoskisson & Laszlo Tihanyi & S. Trevis Certo, 2010. "Ownership as a Form of Corporate Governance," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(s2), pages 1561-1589, December.
    6. Omar Al Farooque & Tony van Zijl & Keitha Dunstan & AKM Waresul Karim, 2007. "Corporate Governance in Bangladesh: Link between Ownership and Financial Performance," Corporate Governance: An International Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(6), pages 1453-1468, November.
    7. Freedman, Martin & Jaggi, Bikki, 2005. "Global warming, commitment to the Kyoto protocol, and accounting disclosures by the largest global public firms from polluting industries," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 215-232.
    8. Hadiye Aslan & Praveen Kumar, 2012. "Strategic Ownership Structure and the Cost of Debt," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 25(7), pages 2257-2299.
    9. repec:aic:revebs:y:2011:i:7: is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item


    Corporate Ownership Structure; Environmental Disclosure; Environmental Agencies;

    JEL classification:

    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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