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Wage Inequality, R&D Labor and R&D Productivity

  • Toshihiro Okada


    (School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University)

This paper examines the transitional dynamics of an R&D-based endogenous growth model with heterogeneous labor and explains the post-war comovement of three variables in the U.S. economy: the skill premium, the share of labor devoted to R&D and the growth rate of labor productivity. This paper provides a complete dynamic analysis of the model. We argue that the changing distribution of high skilled workers between sectors may have played an important role in explaining the U.S. skill premium movement, and we show that the transitional dynamics initiated by the structural change (possibly the decrease in R&D productivity in the late 1960s) can explain the comovement of the three variables.

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Article provided by AccessEcon in its journal Economics Bulletin.

Volume (Year): 32 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 3036-3052

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Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-12-00551
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  1. Charles I. Jones, . "Sources of U.S. Economic Growth in a World of Ideas," Working Papers 98009, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
  2. Perron, P., 1994. "Further Evidence on Breaking Trend Functions in Macroeconomic Variables," Cahiers de recherche 9421, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en ├ęconomie quantitative, CIREQ.
  3. Acemoglu, D., 1997. "Why Do New Technologies Complement Skills? Directed Technical Change and Wage Inequality," Working papers 97-14, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  4. Francesco Caselli & Wilbur John Coleman II, 2006. "The World Technology Frontier," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(3), pages 499-522, June.
  5. David H. Autor & Lawrence F. Katz & Melissa S. Kearney, 2008. "Trends in U.S. Wage Inequality: Revising the Revisionists," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(2), pages 300-323, May.
  6. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  7. Oscar Afonso, 2006. "Skill-biased technological knowledge without scale effects," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(1), pages 13-21.
  8. Afonso, Oscar, 2008. "The impact of government intervention on wage inequality without scale effects," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 351-362, March.
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