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The Multidimensional Approach to Poverty Measurement: Case of Morocco


  • Abdelhamid EL BOUHADI
  • Abdelkader ELKHIDER
  • El Mustapha KCHIRID


This work aims to understand the poverty phenomenon in Morocco. It is based on the multidimensional poverty assessment and analysis, through the Alkire and Foster approach to poverty measurement (2007). It is also based on the indicators which will allow us to measure the incidence of poverty by constructing a Wellbeing Composite Index (WCI) and by adopting the statistical methodology of step-by-step for Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA). This is done by using the DHS database. In our work, the attributes of this approach are classified into the three categories: housing, consumer durable goods and educational level. Our findings show that the incidence of poverty has increased over the past two decades, especially for those households having at least two dimensions. However, it is important to note that disparities between urban and rural areas are larger. This allows us to conclude that poverty has remained a rural phenomenon.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdelhamid EL BOUHADI & Abdelkader ELKHIDER & El Mustapha KCHIRID, 2012. "The Multidimensional Approach to Poverty Measurement: Case of Morocco," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 12(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:12:y:2012:i:2_10

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Abdelkader Elkhider & Abdelhamid El Bouhadi & El Mustapha Kchirid, 2009. "La Croissance Economique Est-T-Elle Pro Pauvre au Maroc ? Une Tentative D’explication par L’approche Monétaire et L’approche Non Monétaire," Working Papers 481, Economic Research Forum, revised Apr 2009.
    2. Sen, Amartya, 1979. " Issues in the Measurement of Poverty," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 81(2), pages 285-307.
    3. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-231, March.
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    More about this item


    Multidimensional Poverty; Foster and Alkire Approach; Wellbeing Composite Index (WCI); Multiple Correspondence Analysis; Morocco.;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O20 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - General
    • C40 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - General
    • C19 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Other
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C46 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Specific Distributions
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement


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