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Ältere auf dem Arbeitsmarkt

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  • Karl Brenke
  • Klaus F. Zimmermann

Abstract

Due to a rising life expectancy and a shrinking labor force, there is an increasing societal need to employ elder people. This will also be possible in Germany. This is not only supported by the fact that work participation of the elderly is still low in an international comparison. It is even more important that governmental early retirement schemes were practically abolished, age discrimination of companies have decreased and the labor force participation has significantly increased beyond demographic factors due to a rising desire to work. This is supported by a structural change in the relevance of professions from those requiring physical efforts to those requiring high qualifications, both of which encourages old-age work. Wegen der zunehmenden Lebenszeit und der Schrumpfung der Arbeitsbevolkerung steigt kunftig der Bedarf fur Altere im Arbeitsmarkt. Eine starkere Nutzung des Humankapitals der Alteren wird auch in Deutschland moglich sein. Dafur spricht nicht nur, dass die Erwerbsquoten im internationalen Vergleich noch gering sind. Wichtig ist vielmehr, dass staatliche Anreize zur Fruhverrentung weitgehend abgestellt wurden, die Altersdiskriminierung durch Unternehmen zuruckgeht und die Erwerbstatigkeit uber die rein demografischen Faktoren hinaus wegen einer deutlich zunehmenden Erwerbsneigung kraftig angestiegen ist. Diese Entwicklung wird auch dadurch unterstutzt, dass ein Strukturwandel von Berufen, die mit korperlicher Anstrengung verbunden sind, zu solchen mit hohen Qualifikationsanforderungen erfolgt, was Arbeit im Alter begunstigt.

Suggested Citation

  • Karl Brenke & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2011. "Ältere auf dem Arbeitsmarkt," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(2), pages 11-31.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:80-2-2
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    File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.80.2.11
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Karl Brenke, 2007. "Die Bedeutung der Älteren auf dem Arbeitsmarkt nimmt deutlich zu," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 74(21), pages 337-345.
    2. Karl Brenke, 2010. "Fünf Jahre Hartz IV: das Problem ist nicht die Arbeitsmoral," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(6), pages 2-13.
    3. Eichhorst, Werner, 2007. "Von der Frühverrentung zum längeren Erwerbsleben: Transferleistungen, Arbeitsmarktpolitik und Weiterbildung," IZA Discussion Papers 3262, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Erika Schulz, 2009. "Ältere bleiben länger am Arbeitsmarkt," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 76(12), pages 187-192.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2013. "Reflexionen zur Zukunft der Arbeit," IZA Standpunkte 56, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Employment and unemployment; employment of older persons; change in the structure of the workforce;

    JEL classification:

    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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