Asymptotically Unbiased Estimation Of Autocovariances And Autocorrelations With Long Panel Data
An important reason for analyzing panel data is to observe the dynamic nature of an economic variable separately from its time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity. This paper examines how to estimate the autocovariances of a variable separately from its time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity. When both cross-sectional and time series sample sizes tend to infinity, we show that the within-group autocovariances are consistent, although they are severely biased when the time series length is short. The biases have the leading term that converges to the long-run variance of the individual dynamics. This paper develops methods to estimate the long-run variance in panel data settings and to alleviate the biases of the within-group autocovariances based on the proposed long-run variance estimators. Monte Carlo simulations reveal that the procedures developed in this paper effectively reduce the biases of the estimators for small samples.
Volume (Year): 26 (2010)
Issue (Month): 05 (October)
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