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Renta per cápita como medida de desarrollo económico en Latinoamérica

Author

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  • Nelson Manolo Chávez Muñoz

    ()

Abstract

Las autoridades económicas y los responsables dela política social en los países latinoamericanos hanvenido haciendo esfuerzos para mejorar las condicionesde vida de la población, mediante la generaciónde una renta per cápita sostenida, que conduzca amejorar los indicadores de desarrollo económico ya reducir los niveles de pobreza de la región. Estedocumento evidencia, por medio de la metodologíade la estadística descriptiva, que las principales variablesde desarrollo económico están influenciadaspor el PIB per cápita en Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil,Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador,México y Perú. De acuerdo a la evidencia empíricase puede concluir que Argentina es el país que másinversión realiza en educación, seguridad social ysalud, debido a que sus tasas de crecimiento económicohan sido estables en un lapso considerable,mientras que Bolivia es el país que registra la menorinversión pública social, explicado por su bajo desempeñoeconómico.

Suggested Citation

  • Nelson Manolo Chávez Muñoz, 2010. "Renta per cápita como medida de desarrollo económico en Latinoamérica," REVISTA EQUIDAD Y DESARROLLO, UNIVERSIDAD DE LA SALLE, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000452:010216
    as

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    File URL: http://revistas.lasalle.edu.co/index.php/ed/article/view/199
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Eduardo Lora & Gustavo Márquez, 1998. "The Employment Problem in Latin America: Perceptions and Stylized Facts," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1286, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Guillermo E. Perry & Omar S. Arias & J. Humberto López & William F. Maloney & Luis Servén, 2006. "Poverty Reduction and Growth : Virtuous and Vicious Circles," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6997.
    3. Eduardo Lora & Gustavo Márquez, 1998. "The Employment Problem in Latin America: Perceptions and Stylized Facts," Research Department Publications 4114, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Sen, Amartya, 1983. "Development: Which Way Now?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 93(372), pages 742-762, December.
    5. repec:idb:wpaper:371 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Ranis, Gustav & Stewart, Frances, 2002. "Crecimiento económico y desarrollo humano en América Latina," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    renta per cápita; crecimiento económico; desarrollo económico; gasto público social; pobreza;

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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