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¿Qué influye en la confianza en las instituciones? Evidencia empírica para Chile

Author

Listed:
  • Fabián Riffo
  • Daniela Pérez
  • César Salazar
  • Andrés Acuña

Abstract

Esta investigación estima un modelo probit ordenado con datos de la encuesta LAPOP de 2014, para explorar los factores que explican la confianza institucional en Chile. Los resultados indican mayor desconfianza desde los pueblos originarios hacia instituciones de seguridad, probablemente por el conflicto mapuche. Asimismo, se encuentra un efecto positivo de variables de democracia y desempeno, lo que revela diferencias en responsabilidades entre el ejecutivo y las municipalidades. Los resultados también dan soporte a la importancia de la participación ciudadana en los niveles de confianza y una evaluación positiva de las fuerzas armadas ante escenarios de corrupción. Finalmente, se evidencia que las personas a favor del aborto legal poseen niveles de confianza menores en la iglesia evangélica, lo cual puede ser atribuido a una posición más conservadora de esta religión. ****** This research estimates an ordered probit model with data from the 2014 LAPOP survey to explore the factors that explain confidence in institutions in Chile. Results show an increased lack of confidence from the original peoples toward security institutions, probably due to the Mapuche Conflict. There is also a positive effect of democracy and performance variables that unveils differences in responsibilities between the executive power and the municipalities. Results also support the importance of citizen participation for levels of confidence and a positive assessment of the armed forces in corruption scenarios. Finally, it is evidenced that people in favor of legal abortion have lower levels of confidence in the evangelical church, which may be attributed to a more conservative stancein this religion. ****** Esta pesquisa estima um modelo de probit ordenado com dados da Pesquisa de Opiniao Pública da América Latina (LAPOP, na sigla em ingles), de 2014, para explorar os fatores que explicam a confianca institucional no Chile. Os resultados indicam maior desconfianca dos povos originários em relacao as instituicoes de seguranca, provavelmente devido ao conflito mapuche. Também há um efeito positivo das variáveis de democracia e desempenho, que revela diferencas de responsabilidades entre o executivo e os municípios. Os resultados também apoiam a importancia da partici- pacao dos cidadaos nos níveis de confianca e uma avaliacao positiva das forcas armadas diante dos cenários de corrupcao. Finalmente, é evidente que as pessoas a favor do aborto legal tem níveis mais baixos de confianca na igreja evangélica, o que pode ser atribuído a uma posicao mais conservadora dessa religiao.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabián Riffo & Daniela Pérez & César Salazar & Andrés Acuña, 2019. "¿Qué influye en la confianza en las instituciones? Evidencia empírica para Chile," Revista Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, vol. 27(2), pages 83-104, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000180:017795
    DOI: 10.18359/rfce.3517
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital social; Confianza; Instituciones; Probit ordenado;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • P48 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Regional Studies

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