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Ekonomické reformy v Kórejskej ľudovodemokratickej republike

  • Ľudmila Lipková

    ()

    (Fakulta medzinárodných vzťahov, Ekonomická univerzita v Bratislave)

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    Príspevok je venovaný osobitostiam ekonomického vývoja KĽDR, jej geografickým podmienkam, histórii, nastoleniu politickej diktatúry a centrálne plánovanej ekonomiky, vplyvu jednotlivých severokórejských vodcov Kim Il Sunga, Kim Čong Ila a Kim Čong Una na ekonomiku krajiny. Popri ekonomických podmienkach sa venujeme i politickým a medzinárodným politickým podmienkam ekonomického rozvoja KĽDR. Severokórejská ekonomika zaznamenávala po Druhej svetovej vojne vysoké tempo hospodárskeho rastu spojené s industrializáciou. Postupne degradovala a v 90. rokoch 20. storočia došlo k jej kolapsu pod vplyvom dlhodobo negatívnych ekonomických podmienok a krátkodobo negatívnych prírodných podmienok. Vedenie krajiny bolo nútené začať realizovať ekonomické reformy v 90. rokoch a následne v roku 2002. V súvislosti so zmenami v riadení štátu po nástupe najmladšieho člena dynastie Kimovcov (2012) načrtávame v príspevku ďalší možný ekonomický vývoj v krajine. Nádejou pre realizáciu ďalších ekonomických reforiem v KĽDR je prijatie “Nový systém ekonomického riadenia 28. júla“ parlamentom krajiny v roku 2012.

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    File URL: http://fmv.euba.sk/RePEc/brv/journl/MV2012-4.pdf
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    Article provided by Ekonomická univerzita, Fakulta medzinárodných vzťahov in its journal Medzinárodné vzťahy (Journal of International Relations).

    Volume (Year): 10 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 36-52

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    Handle: RePEc:brv:journl:v:10:y:2012:i:4:p:36-52
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    1. Umar M. Mustapha, 2012. "The Role of Speculation in the Determination of Energy Prices," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 2(4), pages 279-291.
    2. Paul Davidson, 2008. "Crude Oil Prices: >i>"Market Fundamentals" or Speculation?>/i>," Challenge, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 51(4), pages 110-118, July.
    3. Bassam Fattouh, Lutz Kilian, and Lavan Mahadeva, 2013. "The Role of Speculation in Oil Markets: What Have We Learned So Far?," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3).
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