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Vplyv Remitencií Na Rozvoj Ekonomík

Author

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  • Eva Jančíková

    () (Fakulta medzinárodných vzťahov, Ekonomická univerzita v Bratislave)

Abstract

Remitencie predstavujú v súčasnosti dôležitý zdroj ekonomického rozvoja hlavne pokiaľ ide o rozvojové krajiny. V článku definujeme teoretické východiská vplyvu remitencií na rozvoj ekonomík, analyzujeme vplyv remitencií na rozdeľovanie príjmov, zmierňovanie chudoby a individuálny hmotný blahobyt. Na makroekonomickej úrovni sa vplyv remitencií prejavuje na zamestnanosti, produktivite práci a raste. Okrem toho sú aj významným zdrojov na krytie deficitov platobnej bilancie. Trendy v globálnej migrácii a remitenčných tokoch boli v posledných rokoch ovplyvňované ekonomickou krízou, úsilím migrantov znížiť spotrebu a vplyvom zmeny kurzov. Finančná kríza upozornila na význam remitencií a priviedla mnohé krajiny k prijatiu opatrení v oblasti migračnej politiky a upozornila na potrebu koordinácie politík medzi jednotlivými krajinami tak, aby ponuka práce migrantov zodpovedala existujúcemu dopytu a migrácia prinášala výhody pre vysielajúce aj prijímajúce krajiny, a zároveň aj pre migrantov.

Suggested Citation

  • Eva Jančíková, 2014. "Vplyv Remitencií Na Rozvoj Ekonomík," Almanach (Actual Issues in World Economics and Politics), Ekonomická univerzita, Fakulta medzinárodných vzťahov, vol. 9(1), pages 5-23.
  • Handle: RePEc:brv:almnch:v:9:y:2014:i:1:p:5-23
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    migrácia; remitencie; rozdeľovanie príjmov; ekonomický rast;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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