Growth of Government Expenditure in Bangladesh: An Empirical Enquiry into the Validity of Wagner's Law
The study empirically investigates Wagner's law,' the relationship between social progress' and growth of state activity' in an economy, using Bangladesh data from 1976 to 2007 in a bivariate as well as a trivariate framework incorporating population size' as a third variable. The estimated results provide evidence in favour of Wagner's law for Bangladesh in both the short-run and long-run. There is a long-run cointegration relation among real government expenditure, real GDP and the size of population where government expenditure is positively tied with the real GDP (1.14), per capita GDP (1.51) and population size (0.21). Both the real GDP and GDP per capita Granger cause total government expenditure to change. Population size also comes up as a significant stimulus for public spending to grow in both the long-run and short-run.
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