Corporate Headquarters Relocation: Evidence from the Capital Markets
This paper assesses the stock market reaction to announcements of corporate headquarters relocations and examines financial and geographical factors related to wealth effects and factors that influence the decision to relocate corporate headquarters. The results indicate that announcements of relocations are associated with significant positive stock price effects. On average, the stock price of relocating firms increases by 1.29% during the two-day period around the announcement. Abnormal returns are positively related to the availability of labor and negatively related to the cost of living in the new location and the change in employment levels. A logit analysis indicates that the probability of a firm relocating is partially determined by the firm size and the rental expenses/sales ratio. The results also indicate that firm size, the employment/asset ratio levels, and listing in the NYSE/AMEX affect the decision to relocate to a Fortune-ranked city. Finally, firms relocating to "Fortune"-ranked cities are characterized by a high level of insider ownership relative to firms moving to non-ranked cities. Copyright American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association.
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Volume (Year): 19 (1991)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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