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Explaining Anglo-American Productivity Differences in the Mid-Twentieth Century

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  • Broadberry, S N
  • Crafts, N F R

Abstract

It is shown that American industry was already more than twice as productive as British industry by the 1920s, and that the gap was larger in heavy industry, confirming Britain's comparative advantage in light industry. A large data set is assembled and used in a cross-sectional econometric analysis of the productivity gap in the mid-1930s. This is complemented by a series of case studies, suggesting that market sharing agreements (which cannot be adequately captured in an econometric approach) were an important, neglected factor explaining productivity differences. Copyright 1990 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd

Suggested Citation

  • Broadberry, S N & Crafts, N F R, 1990. "Explaining Anglo-American Productivity Differences in the Mid-Twentieth Century," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(4), pages 375-402, Special I.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:obuest:v:52:y:1990:i:4:p:375-402
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    Cited by:

    1. Giordano, Claire & Giugliano, Ferdinando, 2015. "A tale of two Fascisms: Labour productivity growth and competition policy in Italy, 1911–1951," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 25-38.
    2. repec:spr:cliomt:v:12:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11698-016-0149-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:afc:cliome:v:12:y:2018:i:1:p:61-97 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Antonin Bergeaud & Gilbert Cette & Rémy Lecat, 2016. "Productivity Trends in Advanced Countries between 1890 and 2012," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 62(3), pages 420-444, September.
    5. Bergeaud, A. & Cette, G. & Lecat, R., 2015. "Productivity trends from 1890 to 2012 in advanced countries," Rue de la Banque, Banque de France, issue 07, June..
    6. Broadberry, S. N., 1995. "Comparative productivity levels in manufacturing since the Industrial Revolution: Lessons from Britain, America, Germany and Japan," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 71-95, March.
    7. A. Bergeaud & G. Cette & R. Lecat, 2016. "The role of production factor quality and technology diffusion in 20th century productivity growth," Working papers 588, Banque de France.
    8. Antonin Bergeaud & Gilbert Cette & Rémy Lecat, 2018. "The role of production factor quality and technology diffusion in twentieth-century productivity growth," Cliometrica, Springer;Cliometric Society (Association Francaise de Cliométrie), vol. 12(1), pages 61-97, January.

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