IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Economics of the FIFA Football Worldcup


  • Benno Torgler


The expansion of economics to ‘non‐market topics’ has received increased attention in recent years. The economics of sports (football) is such a sub‐field. This paper reports empirical evidence of team and referee performances in the FIFA World Cup 2002. The results reveal that being a hosting nation has a significant impact on the probability of winning a game. Furthermore, the strength of a team measured with the FIFA World Ranking does not play the important role presumed, which indicates that the element of uncertainty is working. The findings also indicate that the influence of a referee on the game result should not be neglected. Finally, the previous World Cup experiences seem to have the strongest impact on referees' performances during the game. Die Erweiterung der Ökonomie auf ‘aussermarktliche Bereiche’ hat in den letzten Jahren gesteigerte Aufmerksamkeit erhalten. Die Ökonomik des Sports (Fussballs) ist solch ein Unterfeld. Das vorliegende Papier analysiert empirisch Team‐ und Schiedsrichterleistungen der FIFA Fussballweltmeisterschaft 2002. Die Ergebnisse weisen darauf hin, dass der Heimvorteil einen signifikanten Einfluss auf die Wahrscheinlichkeit eines Sieges ausübt. Zudem spielt die Stärke einer Mannschaft gemäss dem FIFA World Ranking nicht die Rolle, die man eigentlich erwarten würde, was darauf hindeutet, dass das Element der Unsicherheit funktioniert. Die Resultate zeigen auch, dass der Einfluss eines Schiedsrichters auf das Spielresultat nicht zu vernachlässigen ist. Schliesslich scheinen die früheren Weltmeisterschaftserfahrungen die Leistung des Schiedsrichters während des Spiels am meisten zu beeinflussen. L'extension des sciences économiques à des domaines ‘hors du marché’ a attiré une attention croissante au cours de ces dernières années. L'économie du sport (du football) est un tel domaine. Cet article analyse de façon empirique la performance des équipes ainsi que des arbitres pendant la Coupe du Monde FIFA en 2002. Les résultats montrent que l'avantage de jouer sur son propre terrain a une influence significative sur la probabilité de gagner un match. En outre, la force d'une équipe selon le classement mondial de la FIFA ne joue pas le rôle prépondérant que l'on pourrait supposer, démontrant ainsi que l'incertitude joue. Les résultats montrent également que l'influence de l'arbitre sur le résultat du match ne doit pas être négligée. Enfin, les expériences préalables en Coupe du Monde semblent être le facteur le plus influent sur la performance des arbitres pendant le match.

Suggested Citation

  • Benno Torgler, 2004. "The Economics of the FIFA Football Worldcup," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(2), pages 287-300, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:57:y:2004:i:2:p:287-300
    DOI: 10.1111/j.0023-5962.2004.00255.x

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:57:y:2004:i:2:p:287-300. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Wiley Content Delivery (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.