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A Simultaneous Equations Analysis of Analysts’ Forecast Bias, Analyst Following, and Institutional Ownership

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  • Lucy F. Ackert
  • George Athanassakos

Abstract

In this paper we use a simultaneous equations model to examine the relationship between analysts’ forecasts, analyst following, and institutions’ investment decisions. Estimates of our three equation model using US data indicate that higher institutional demand leads to greater optimism among analysts and lower analyst following. At the same time, institutional demand increases with increasing optimism in analysts’ forecasts but decreases with analyst following. We also investigate firm characteristics as determinants of analysts’ and institutions’ decisions. Empirical estimates of the effects of these characteristics indicate that agency‐driven behavioral considerations are significant.

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  • Lucy F. Ackert & George Athanassakos, 2003. "A Simultaneous Equations Analysis of Analysts’ Forecast Bias, Analyst Following, and Institutional Ownership," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(7‐8), pages 1017-1042, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jbfnac:v:30:y:2003:i:7-8:p:1017-1042
    DOI: 10.1111/1468-5957.05452
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    9. Lucy F. Ackert & William C. Hunter, 1994. "Rational Expectations And The Dynamic Adjustment Of Security Analysts' Forecasts To New Information," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 17(3), pages 387-401, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Eugster, Nicolas, 2019. "Family firms and financial analyst activity," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 57(C).
    2. Craig W. Holden & Pamela S. Stuerke, 2008. "The Frequency of Financial Analysts' Forecast Revisions: Theory and Evidence about Determinants of Demand for Predisclosure Information," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(7‐8), pages 860-888, September.
    3. Miran Hossain & Benjamin A. Jansen & Jon Taylor, 2020. "Do Analysts Cater to Investor Information Demand?," Working Papers 202003, Middle Tennessee State University, Department of Economics and Finance.
    4. Young K. Park & Kee H. Chung, 2007. "Foreign and Local Institutional Ownership and the Speed of Price Adjustment," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(9‐10), pages 1569-1595, November.
    5. Guney, Yilmaz & Karpuz, Ahmet & Komba, Gabriel, 2020. "The effects of board structure on corporate performance: Evidence from East African frontier markets," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C).
    6. Andrea S Au, 2007. "Extracting information from European analyst forecasts," Journal of Asset Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 8(4), pages 228-237, November.
    7. Susana Yu & Kishore Tandon & Gwendolyn Webb, 2010. "The Effects of Option Introduction on Analyst Coverage and Earnings Estimates," The American Economist, Sage Publications, vol. 55(2), pages 46-66, November.
    8. Ho, Joanna & Huang, Cheng Jen & Karuna, Christo, 2020. "Large shareholder ownership types and board governance," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    9. Farid Radmehr & Tolga Cenesizoglu, 2019. "The Causal Effect of Institutional Ownership on Firm Level Risk Characteristics," Cahiers de recherche / Working Papers 2, Institut sur la retraite et l'épargne / Retirement and Savings Institute.

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