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The relationship of cigarette prices and no-smoking bylaws to the prevalence of smoking in Canada


  • Stephens, T.
  • Pederson, L.L.
  • Koval, J.J.
  • Kim, C.


Objectives. The aim of this study was to analyze the association of cigarette prices and no-smoking bylaws with the prevalence of smoking. Methods. Data on individual smoking status were taken from two national household surveys in Canada. Current cigarette price, the 1-year and 10-year increase in price, and the extent of local restrictions on public smoking were added to the model. Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds of being a smoker. Results. The odds ratio for being a smoker was 1.21 where no- smoking bylaws were relatively infrequent and 1.26 when cigarettes were relatively inexpensive, after adjusting for individual age, sex, education, and marital status. Conclusions. Both cigarette prices and no-smoking bylaws are effective in controlling smoking; either alone will likely have less impact than the two measures together.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephens, T. & Pederson, L.L. & Koval, J.J. & Kim, C., 1997. "The relationship of cigarette prices and no-smoking bylaws to the prevalence of smoking in Canada," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 87(9), pages 1519-1521.
  • Handle: RePEc:aph:ajpbhl:1997:87:9:1519-1521_2

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    Cited by:

    1. Origo Federica & Lucifora Claudio, 2013. "The Effect of Comprehensive Smoking Bans in European Workplaces," Forum for Health Economics & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 16(1), pages 1-27, March.
    2. Nykiforuk, Candace & Campbell, Sharon & Cameron, Roy & Brown, Stephen & Eyles, John, 2007. "Relationships between community characteristics and municipal smoke-free bylaw status and strength," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 358-368, February.
    3. Tanisa Tawichsri, 2019. "The European Smoking Bans and Mature Smokers: Can They Kick the Habit?," PIER Discussion Papers 116, Puey Ungphakorn Institute for Economic Research, revised Nov 2019.
    4. Gruber, Jonathan & Sen, Anindya & Stabile, Mark, 2003. "Estimating price elasticities when there is smuggling: the sensitivity of smoking to price in Canada," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 821-842, September.
    5. Frederica Origo & Claudio Lucifora, 2010. "Smoking Bans in European Workplaces," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 8(03), pages 36-42, October.
    6. Christopher Carpenter, 2007. "How Do Workplace Smoking Laws Work? Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Local Laws in Ontario, Canada," NBER Working Papers 13133, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Silvia Tiezzi, 2009. "The Economic Impact of Clean Indoor Air Laws: A Review of Alternative Approaches and of Empirical findings," Department of Economics University of Siena 570, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
    8. repec:ces:ifodic:v:8:y:2010:i:3:p:14566921 is not listed on IDEAS

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