Causality Between Tourism Exports And Trade Openness: Empirical Analysis For Romanian Tourism
This study investigates the causal relationships between tourism exports and trade openness, using the case of Romania. The study applies the unit root test, cointegration procedure and Granger causality test in vector error correction model (VECM), in the attempt to study the direction of the causalities. The results indicate one-way Granger causality, running from trade openness to tourism exports in the case of Romania.
Volume (Year): 1 (2011)
Issue (Month): 17 (November)
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- Satheesh Aradhyula & Russell Tronstad, 2003. "Does Tourism Promote Cross-Border Trade?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(3), pages 569-579.
- Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-72, June.
- Jordan Shan & Ken Wilson, 2001. "Causality between trade and tourism: empirical evidence from China," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(4), pages 279-283.
- Yair Eilat & Liran Einav, 2004. "Determinants of international tourism: a three-dimensional panel data analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(12), pages 1315-1327.
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