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Demokratische Beteiligung und Staatsausgaben: Die Auswirkungen des Frauenstimmrechts

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  • Alois Stutzer
  • Lukas Kienast

Abstract

In dieser Arbeit werden die Auswirkungen des Frauenstimmrechts auf die Staatsausgaben in den Kantonen der Schweiz untersucht. Anhand dieser institutionell bedingten Veränderung des Elektorats studieren wir den Zusammenhang zwischen repräsentierten Bürgerpräferenzen und dem Ergebnis des politischen Prozesses. Da Frauen im Durchschnitt einkommensärmer sind als Männer, steigt mit ihrer Beteiligung gemäss Theorien zur Grösse des Staatshaushaltes die Nachfrage nach staatlichen Leistungen. Entgegen der Hypothese schätzen wir jedoch eine dämpfende Wirkung des Frauenstimmrechts auf die Entwicklung der Gesamtausgaben. Die zeitlich unterschiedliche Einführung des Rechts erlaubt dabei die Berücksichtigung allgemeiner Trends in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Als Erklärungsversuche diskutieren wir die Möglichkeit fiskalisch konservativer Frauen und einer Wechselwirkung des Frauenstimmrechts mit den direktdemokratischen Institutionen.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich in its series IEW - Working Papers with number 210.

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Handle: RePEc:zur:iewwpx:210

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Keywords: Staatsausgaben; Frauenstimmrecht; Medianwähler; Stimmbeteiligung;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Armin Falk & Ernst Fehr & Christian Zehnder, . "The Behavioral Effects of Minimum Wages," IEW - Working Papers 247, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  2. Fehr, Ernst & Fischbacher, Urs & Kosfeld, Michael, 2005. "Neuroeconomic Foundation of Trust and Social Preferences," CEPR Discussion Papers 5127, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Sébastien Wälti & Signe Krogstrup, 2006. "Women and budget deficits," Trinity Economics Papers tep0307, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2007.
  4. Signe Krogstrup & Sébastien Wälti, 2007. "Do fiscal rules cause budgetary outcomes?," Trinity Economics Papers tep0607, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  5. Tania Singer & Ernst Fehr, 2005. "The Neuroeconomics of Mind Reading and Empathy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(2), pages 340-345, May.
  6. Katharina E. Jaronicki, 2013. "Does Female Suffrage Increase Public Support for Government Spending? Evidence from Swiss Ballots," CESifo Working Paper Series 4467, CESifo Group Munich.
  7. Stadelmann, David & Portmann, Marco & Eichenberger, Reiner, 2013. "How do Female Preferences Influence Political Decisions by Female and Male Representatives?," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79748, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  8. Patricia Funk & Christina Gathmann, 2008. "Gender gaps in policy making: Evidence from direct democracy in Switzerland," Economics Working Papers 1126, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  9. Roland Hodler & Simon Luechinger & Alois Stutzer, 2012. "The Effects of Voting Costs on the Democratic Process and Public Finances," Working papers 2012/02, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel.
  10. Aidt, Toke S. & Eterovic, Dalibor S., 2011. "Political competition, electoral participation and public finance in 20th century Latin America," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 181-200, March.

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