Does Female Suffrage Increase Public Support for Government Spending? Evidence from Swiss Ballots
AbstractIn this paper, I analyze the voting outcomes of two very similar Swiss referendum ballots concerning the federal government’s competency to levy income, capital and turnover taxes to find out how the enfranchisement of women influences public support for government spending. The first ballot took place shortly before the extension of suffrage to women in February 1971, and the other shortly thereafter. I estimate the impact of introducing female voting on the difference in acceptance rates for the two propositions. Surprisingly, I find that approval for government spending is higher among the male population. I provide additional evidence from post-ballot surveys after similar ballots to overcome potential strategic voting problems which cannot be answered by analyzing aggregate data. My results suggest rethinking the notion that female suffrage caused public spending to increase.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 4467.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
female suffrage; gender preference gaps; voting; direct democracy;
Other versions of this item:
- Jaronicki, Katharina, 2013. "Does female suffrage increase public support for government spending? Evidence from Swiss ballots," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79921, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- H10 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - General
- D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
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