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Democratization and the size of government: evidence from the long 19th century

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  • Toke Aidt

    ()

  • Peter Jensen

    ()

Abstract

We study the consequences of franchise extension and ballot reform for the size of government in Western Europe between 1820 and 1913. We find that franchise extension exhibits a U-shaped association with revenue per capita and a positive association with spending per capita. Instrumental variables estimates, however, suggest that the U-shaped relationship may be non-causal and our fixed effects estimates point to substantial cross-country heterogeneity. Further, we find that the secret ballot did not matter for tax revenues per capita but might have expanded the size of government relative to GDP. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Public Choice.

Volume (Year): 157 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 (December)
Pages: 511-542

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Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:157:y:2013:i:3:p:511-542

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100332

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Keywords: Suffrage; Threat of revolution; Taxation; Size of government; D7; P16;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Toke Aidt & Graham Mooney, 2014. "Voting Suffrage and the Political Budget Cycle: Evidence from the London Metropolitan Boroughs 1902-1937," CESifo Working Paper Series 4614, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Daron Acemoglu & Suresh Naidu & Pascual Restrepo & James A. Robinson, 2013. "Democracy, Redistribution and Inequality," NBER Working Papers 19746, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Toke Aidt & Graham Mooney, 2014. "Voter suffrage and the political budget cycle: evidence from the London Metropolitan Boroughs 1902-1937," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1401, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.

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