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Gleicher Lohn für gleiche Arbeit? Zum Zusammenhang zwischen Gewerkschaftsmitgliedschaft und Lohnstruktur in Westdeutschland 1985?1997

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Author Info

  • Fitzenberger, Bernd
  • Kohn, Karsten

Abstract

Diese Arbeit untersucht den Zusammenhang zwischen dem gewerkschaftlichen Nettoorganisationsgrad als Maß für die Gewerkschaftsmacht und der Lohnstruktur in und zwischen Segmenten des deutschen Arbeitsmarktes in den Jahren 1985 bis 1997 auf Basis der IAB-Beschäftigtenstichprobe. Dem Datensatz werden prognostizierte individuelle Wahrscheinlichkeiten der Mitgliedschaft in einer Gewerkschaft aus Schätzungen von Beck und Fitzenberger (2004) hinzugespielt. Einem Versicherungsmotiv für die Gewerkschaftsmitgliedschaft entsprechend geht ein höherer Organisationsgrad c. p. mit einem geringeren Lohnniveau und einer Reduktion residualer Lohndispersion einher. Darüber hinaus fallen auch qualifikatorische Lohndifferenziale in Segmenten mit starken Gewerkschaften geringer aus. In Übereinstimmung mit einem Mindestlohncharakter gewerkschaftlich ausgehandelter Löhne erfolgt die Stauchung der Lohnverteilung insbesondere im unteren Bereich. Die Gewerkschaftseffekte variieren ferner mit dem Alter der Arbeitnehmer und über die Zeit. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 06-06.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:4585

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Keywords: Gewerkschaften; Organisationsgrad; Lohnniveau; Lohndispersion; Alter; Qualifikation; Sektoren;

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Cited by:
  1. John Addison & Paulino Teixeira & Jens Stephani & Lutz Bellmann, 2012. "Can German Unions Still Cut It?," GEMF Working Papers 2012-19, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.
  2. Addison, John T. & Teixeira, Paulino & Evers, Katalin & Bellmann, Lutz, 2013. "Indicative and Updated Estimates of the Collective Bargaining Premium in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 7474, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Karsten Kohn & Alexander C. Lembcke, 2007. "Wage Distributions by Bargaining Regime: Linked Employer-Employee Data Evidence from Germany," CEP Discussion Papers dp0813, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Wolf, Elke & Heinze, Anja, 2007. "How to Limit Discrimination? Analyzing the Effects of Innovative Workplace Practices on Intra-Firm Gender Wage Gaps Using Linked Employer-Employee Data," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-077, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Lembcke, Alexander C. & Kohn, Karsten & Fitzenberger, Bernd, 2008. "Union Density and Varieties of Coverage: The Anatomy of Union Wage Effects in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-012, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  6. Anja Heinze & Elke Wolf, 2010. "The intra-firm gender wage gap: a new view on wage differentials based on linked employer–employee data," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 851-879, June.
  7. Heinze, Anja, 2010. "Beyond the mean gender wage gap: Decomposition of differences in wage distributions using quantile regression," ZEW Discussion Papers 10-043, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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