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Geschlechterunterschiede in islamischer Religiosität und Geschlechterrollenwerten: Ein Vergleich der Zusammenhänge am Beispiel der türkischen und marokkanischen zweiten Generation in Belgien

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  • Scheible, Jana Anne
  • Fleischmann, Fenella
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    Abstract

    In Anlehnung an die Debatte über den Einfluss von (islamischer) Religiosität auf Geschlechterrollenwerte, untersucht dieser Beitrag den Zusammenhang zwischen Religiosität und Geschlechterrollenwerten bei Männern und Frauen der türkischen und marokkanischen zweiten Generation in Belgien. Dazu wurde zunächst ein theoretisches Modell islamischer Religiosität entwickelt, welches aus den Elementen religiöse Identifikation, (teilweise geschlechtsspezifische) religiöse Praktiken und orthodoxer Glaube besteht. Anhand von Umfragedaten des belgischen TIES-Projekts (The Integration of the European Second generation) wurde dieses theoretische Modell auf die äquivalente Gültigkeit für Männer und Frauen sowie für zwei ethnische Gruppen, Belgier türkischer und marokkanischer Herkunft, getestet. Im nächsten Schritt wurde der Zusammenhang zwischen islamischer Religiosität und Geschlechterrollenwerten untersucht und im Hinblick auf Geschlechterunterschiede analysiert. Unter Berücksichtigung einer Anzahl von Kontrollvariablen (Alter, Bildung, Erwerbstätigkeit, Partnerschaft und religiöse Erziehung) ergaben die Analysen keine nennenswerten ethnischen Unterschiede. Interessanter jedoch, zeigte sich nur ein schwacher negativer Zusammenhang zwischen islamischer Religiosität und egalitären Geschlechterrollenwerten; dieser Zusammenhang war für Männer etwas stärker als für Frauen. Die Befunde widersprechen somit der These, dass stärker ausgeprägte islamische Religiosität unweigerlich mit traditionelleren und weniger egalitären Geschlechterrollenwerten einhergeht. Ebenso belegen die Ergebnisse, dass es für die Analyse islamischer Religiosität wichtig ist, Geschlechterunterschiede innerhalb muslimischer Minderheiten in Europa zu berücksichtigen. -- Departing from the debate about the influence of religiosity in general, and Islamic religiosity in particular, on gender role values, this contribution examines the association between religiosity and gender role values among men and women of the Turkish and Moroccan second generation in Belgium. Firstly, a theoretical model of Islamic religiosity was derived, consisting of religious identification, (partly gender specific) religious practices and orthodox beliefs. Subsequently, equivalence of this theoretical model across genders and across two ethnic groups was tested drawing on survey data from the Belgian TIES-project (The Integration of the European Second generation). In a second step, the association between Islamic religiosity and gender role values was analysed and again it was examined whether there are gender and ethnic differences in this association. Taking a host of control variables into account (age, education, employment status, marital status and religious socialisation), the analysis revealed no significant ethnic differences. More importantly, only weak negative correlations between Islamic religiosity and more egalitarian gender values were found; moreover, this association was somewhat stronger for men than for women. These results contradict the hypothesis that higher levels of Islamic religiosity necessarily go together with more traditional and less egalitarian gender role values. Further, they highlight the importance of taking gender differences into account when analysing religiosity among Muslim minorities in Europe.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Migration, Integration, Transnationalization with number SP IV 2011-702.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbmit:spiv2011702

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    Keywords: Geschlecht; Religion; Geschlechterrollenwerte; Islam; zweite Generation; gender; religion; gender role values; Islam; second generation;

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    1. Steenkamp, Jan-Benedict E M & Baumgartner, Hans, 1998. " Assessing Measurement Invariance in Cross-National Consumer Research," Journal of Consumer Research, University of Chicago Press, vol. 25(1), pages 78-90, June.
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