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Skill needs and continuing vocational training in Sweden


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  • Stenberg, Anders


The main purpose of this paper is to explore whether and how the amount of firmsponsored Continuing Vocational Training (CVT) provided in Sweden from 1999 onwards was influenced by institutional conditions. The Swedish labour market is characterised by a relatively large amount of publicly subsidised CVT. How this affects the incidence of firm-sponsored CVT ultimately depends on whether publicly financed training is a substitute for, a complement to or is independent from company training. Recent Swedish research and descriptive data suggest that elements of all three cases exist. If the two were complements, the phenomenon of underinvestment in CVT – which is frequently considered to exist – would be attenuated by the provision of publicly financed CVT. Support for this view hinges on the notion that public CVT evens out human capital accumulation within the labour force, that this in turn contributes to a compressed wage structure and that compressed wages have a positive influence on the provision of firm-sponsored CVT. -- Anliegen des vorliegenden Papiers ist die Untersuchung des Einflusses von institutionellen Faktoren auf die Häufigkeit betrieblicher Weiterbildung in Schweden. Hierbei wird der Zeitraum ab dem Jahr 1999 betrachtet. Der Arbeitsmarkt in Schweden ist durch ein relativ hohes Niveau öffentlicher Subventionen in berufliche Weiterbildung geprägt. Der Zusammenhang zwischen einem hohen Niveau öffentlich geförderter beruflicher Weiterbildung und betrieblicher Weiterbildung hängt davon ab, ob die beiden Finanzierungsformen substitutiv, komplementär oder unabhängig voneinander sind. Aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass Elemente aller drei Wirkmechanismen existieren. Bei Komplementarität kann der oft beschriebenen Unterinvestition in betriebliche Weiterbildung begegnet werden, indem öffentlich geförderte berufliche Weiterbildung die Unterschiede in der Verteilung des Humankapitals in der Erwerbsbevölkerung ausgleicht. Dieses wiederum würde zu einer Verringerung der Lohnspreizung führen, welche dann einen positiven Einfluss auf betrieblich finanzierte Weiterbildung ausübt.

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Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number SP I 2006-109.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:spi2006109

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  1. Anders Stenberg, 2007. "Comprehensive education or vocational training for the unemployed?," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 28(1), pages 42 - 61, May.
  2. Filipe Almeida-Santos & Karen Mumford, . "Employee Training and Wage Compression in Britain," Discussion Papers 04/11, Department of Economics, University of York.
  3. repec:iza:izadps:dp is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Goux, Dominique & Maurin, Eric, 2000. "Returns to firm-provided training: evidence from French worker-firm matched data1," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 1-19, January.
  5. Bassanini, Andrea & Brunello, Giorgio, 2003. "Is Training More Frequent When Wage Compression is Higher? Evidence from the European Community Household Panel," IZA Discussion Papers 839, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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Cited by:
  1. Schulte-Braucks, Philipp, 2013. "Von Schweden lernen: Weiterbildung gering Qualifizierter im Rahmen der kommunalen Erwachsenenbildung (Komvux)," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets SP I 2013-502, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).


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