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Lost in transition: labour market entry sequences of school leavers in Europe

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  • Brzinsky-Fay, Christian
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    Abstract

    In the paper I examine sequences of school-to-work transitions in ten European countries by using explorative methods of optimal matching and cluster analysis. The process of labour market entry is observed for the five years following departure from school by examining monthly labour market statuses. The sequences are classified by similarity, and certain sequence types along with their distribution are described. The resulting picture shows strong variation across countries, which can only partly be captured by classic typologies of school-to-work transition regimes. Apart from that, the quality of the coordination process between the educational system and the labour market can be assessed by taking into account indicators derived from the TLM concept, namely, volatility, integrative capability and the degree of risk. -- Das vorliegende Papier untersucht Übergangssequenzen von der Schule in den Beruf in zehn europäischen Ländern unter Verwendung explorativer Methoden wie optimal matching und Clusteranalyse. Der Prozess der Arbeitsmarktintegration wird anhand der monatlichen Arbeitsmarkzustände in den ersten fünf Jahren nach Verlassen der Schule beobachtet. Die Übergangssequenzen werden nach ihrer Ähnlichkeit gruppiert und hinsichtlich ihrer Verteilung beschrieben. Im Ergebnis zeigt sich, dass diese Übergangssequenzen beachtlich zwischen den europäischen Ländern variieren, was nur teilweise durch klassische Typologien von Übergangsregimen erklärt werden kann. Zusätzlich wird die Qualität des Koordinierungsprozesses zwischen Bildungssystem und Arbeitsmarkt anhand von Indikatoren beurteilt, die aus dem Konzept der Übergangsarbeitsmärkte abgeleitet wurden. Hierbei handelt es sich um die Volatilität, die Integrationsfähigkeit und den Risikocharakter von Übergangssequenzen.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number SP I 2006-111.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:spi2006111

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    1. Wolfgang Franz & Joachim Inkmann & Winfried Pohlmeier & Volker Zimmermann, 1997. "Young and Out in Germany: On the Youths' Chances of Labor Market Entrance in Germany," NBER Working Papers 6212, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Marsden, David, 1999. "A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198294221, September.
    3. Schmid, Günther, 1998. "Transitional labour markets: A new European employment strategy," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 98-206, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    4. Franco Peracchi, 2002. "The European Community Household Panel: A review," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 63-90.
    5. Duncan McVicar & Michael Anyadike-Danes, 2002. "Predicting successful and unsuccessful transitions from school to work by using sequence methods," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 165(2), pages 317-334.
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