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Zum Einfluss des Geschlechts des Übergebers auf die Wahl des familieninternen Nachfolgers: Eine theoretische und empirische Analyse in deutschen Familienunternehmen

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  • Schlömer-Laufen, Nadine
  • Kay, Rosemarie
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    Abstract

    Die vorliegende Studie untersucht die Determinanten der Entscheidung, einen Sohn oder eine Tochter zum familieninternen Nachfolger zu bestimmen. Ein besonderes Augenmerk liegt dabei auf dem Geschlecht des Übergebers. Nationale wie internationale Forschungsarbeiten deuten darauf hin, dass männliche Übergeber eher einen Sohn als eine Tochter auswählen. Hinsichtlich des Verhaltens weiblicher Übergeber finden sich dagegen gemischte Befunde. Auf Basis verschiedener theoretischer Erklärungsansätze lassen sich unterschiedliche Verhaltensweisen der weiblichen und männlichen Übergeber ableiten. Von entsprechenden Hypothesen ausgehend wird auf Basis einer repräsentativen Befragung von Familienunternehmen aus dem Jahr 2008/2009 ein Logit-Modell geschätzt, um die zentralen Determinanten der Entscheidung, einen Sohn oder eine Tochter als Nachfolger auszuwählen, zu ermitteln. Wie theoretisch vermutet, zeigt sich ein Einfluss des Geschlechts des Übergebers: Ist der angehende Übergeber eine Frau, so übt dies einen signifikant negativen Einfluss auf die Wahrscheinlichkeit, einen Sohn zum Nachfolger zu bestimmen, aus. Oder anders ausgedrückt: Angehende weibliche Übergeber präferieren - genau wie ihre männlichen Pendants - einen Nachfolger des eigenen Geschlechts. -- This paper examines the decision of female and male incumbents to choose a daughter or a son as successor and strives for answering the question, which factors determine this decision. Thereby, the main focus lies on the influence of incumbent's gender. National as well as international studies show that male incumbents prefer to choose a son rather than a daughter as successor. Concerning the decision of female incumbents there are contradictory findings. Different theoretical approaches give hints that the incumbent's gender can have different impacts on this choice. Based on data generated from a survey of family businesses in the years 2008 and 2009 a logit model was estimated to investigate which factors determine the incumbent's decision to choose a son or a daughter as successor. The empirical analyses confirm that the incumbent's gender represents a significant factor of influence: The fact that the incumbent is a woman reduces the probability that the successor is a son. Or in other words: female incumbents prefer - as well as their male counterparts - a successor of the own gender.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn in its series Working Papers with number 01/13.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifmwps:0113

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    Web page: http://www.ifm-bonn.org/
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    Keywords: Familienunternehmen; familieninterne Nachfolge; Nachfolgerauswahl; Geschlecht des Übergebers; family business; choice of successor; incumbent's gender;

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    1. Haunschild, Ljuba & Wolter, Hans-Jürgen, 2010. "Volkswirtschaftliche Bedeutung von Familien- und Frauenunternehmen," IfM-Materialien 199, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    2. Reuben, Ernesto & Rey-Biel, Pedro & Sapienza, Paola & Zingales, Luigi, 2012. "The emergence of male leadership in competitive environments," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 83(1), pages 111-117.
    3. Eva M. Sierminska & Joachim R. Frick & Markus M. Grabka, 2010. "Examining the gender wealth gap," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 62(4), pages 669-690, October.
    4. Moog, Petra & Kay, Rosemarie & Schlömer-Laufen, Nadine & Schlepphorst, Susanne, 2012. "Unternehmensnachfolgen in Deutschland: Aktuelle Trends," IfM-Materialien 216, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    5. Marianne Bertrand & Antoinette Schoar, 2006. "The Role of Family in Family Firms," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 20(2), pages 73-96, Spring.
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