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Gender Inequality and Trade

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  • Spielmann, Christian
  • Busse, Matthias

Abstract

The paper empirically explores the international linkages between gender inequality and trade flows of a sample of 92 developed and developing countries. The focus is on comparative advantage in labour-intensive manufactured goods. The results indicate that gender wage inequality is positively associated with comparative advantage in labourintensive goods, that is, countries with a larger gender wage gap have higher exports of these goods. Also, gender inequality in labour force activity rates and educational attainment rates are negatively linked with comparative advantage in labour-intensive commodities. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics in its series Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Kiel 2005 with number 8.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:gdec05:3481

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Keywords: Gender Inequality; Trade; Comparative Advantage;

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References

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  1. Standing, Guy, 1989. "Global feminization through flexible labor," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(7), pages 1077-1095, July.
  2. Dani Rodrik, 2000. "Institutions for High-Quality Growth: What They are and How to Acquire Them," NBER Working Papers 7540, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Busse, Matthias, 2004. "On the determinants of core labour standards: the case of developing countries," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 83(2), pages 211-217, May.
  4. Standing, Guy, 1999. "Global Feminization Through Flexible Labor: A Theme Revisited," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 583-602, March.
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  7. World Bank, 2004. "World Development Indicators 2004," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13890, August.
  8. Sandra E. Black & Elizabeth Brainerd, 2002. "Importing Equality? The Impact of Globalization on Gender Discrimination," NBER Working Papers 9110, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Lant Pritchett & Lawrence H. Summers, 1996. "Wealthier is Healthier," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(4), pages 841-868.
  10. Kalpana Bardhan & Stephan Klasen, 1998. "UNDP's Gender-Related Indices: A Critical Review," Human Development Occasional Papers (1992-2007), Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) HDOCPA-1998-03, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
  11. Becker, Gary S., 1971. "The Economics of Discrimination," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226041162, 01-2013.
  12. A. Dijkstra, 2002. "Revisiting UNDP's GDI and GEM: Towards an Alternative," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 57(3), pages 301-338, March.
  13. Kucera, David & Milberg, William, 2000. "Gender Segregation and Gender Bias in Manufacturing Trade Expansion: Revisiting the "Wood Asymmetry"," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 1191-1210, July.
  14. Stephanie Seguino, 1997. "Gender wage inequality and export-led growth in South Korea," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(2), pages 102-132.
  15. Seguino, Stephanie, 2000. "Gender Inequality and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Analysis," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 1211-1230, July.
  16. Busse, Matthias, 2002. "Do Labor Standards Affect Comparative Advantage in Developing Countries?," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(11), pages 1921-1932, November.
  17. Seguino, Stephanie, 2000. "The Effects of Structural Change and Economic Liberalisation on Gender Wage Differentials in South Korea and Taiwan," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(4), pages 437-59, July.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Does 'aid for trade' really help reduce poverty?
    by Anna Gero, Senior Research Consultant at University of Technology, Sydney in The Conversation on 2014-06-23 04:25:54
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