Development and Religious Polarization: The Emergence of Reform and Ultra-Orthodox Judaism
AbstractJewish emancipation in nineteenth century Europe produced drastically different responses. In Germany, a liberal variant known as Reform developed, while ultra-Orthodox Judaism emerged in eastern Europe. We develop a model of religious organization which explains this polarization. In developed regions, religious authorities embrace the prospect of cultural integration by relaxing prohibitions and benefitting from greater financial contributions. In poorer regions, religious authorities adopt a strategy of cultural resistance, enforcing prohibitions to elicit greater contributions of effort. In regions of intermediate development, religious schisms and cycles occur. This analytic narrative sheds light on how economic development can lead to cultural change.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, University of York in its series Discussion Papers with number 11/11.
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Postal: Department of Economics and Related Studies, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
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club goods; religious polarization; community; Jewish emancipation;
Other versions of this item:
- Jean-Paul Carvalho & Mark Koyama, 2011. "Development and� Religious Polarization: The Emergence of Reform and Ultra-Orthodox Judaism," Economics Series Working Papers 560, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
- D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
- N33 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: Pre-1913
- Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
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