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Aggregate Scale Economies, Market Integration, and Optimal Welfare State Policy

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  • Hassan Molana

    (University of Dundee)

  • Catia Montagna

    (University of Dundee)

Abstract

Using a two-sector-two-country model with aggregate scale economies and unionisation, we show that optimal welfare state policy entails positive levels of unemployment benefits under free-trade and capital mobility. In this setting, economic integration does not reduce the revenue raising capacity of governments and thus does not lead to a race-to-the- bottom in social standards. Instead, trade and capital flows interact with welfare state policies in increasing welfare even when each government acts independently (non-cooperatively) in determining its optimal welfare payment. Cooperation is shown to improve upon noncooperative outcomes by raising both the generosity of the welfare state and aggregate welfare.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series International Trade with number 0510002.

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Date of creation: 05 Oct 2005
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Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpit:0510002

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Keywords: circular causation; international trade; capital mobility; optimal policy; welfare state;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Molana, Hassan & Montagna, Catia, 2007. "Expansionary effects of the welfare state in a small open economy," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 231-246, December.
  2. Torben M. Andersen & Allan Sørensen, 2008. "Globalisation squeezes the public sector - is it so obvious?," Economics Working Papers 2008-08, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
  3. Hassan Molana & Catia Montagna, 2007. "Welfare State, Market Imperfections, and International Trade," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 95-118, February.
  4. Holger Görg & Hassan Molana & Catia Montagna, 2007. "Foreign Direct Investment, Tax Competition and Social Expenditure," Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics 198, Economic Studies, University of Dundee.
  5. Yu-Fu Chen & Holger Görg & Dennis Görlich & Hassan Molana & Catia Montagna & Yama Temouri, 2014. "Globalisation and the future of the welfare state," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 54, WWWforEurope.
  6. Chen, Yu-Fu & Görg, Holger & Görlich, Dennis & Molana, Hassan & Montagna, Catia & Temouri, Yama, 2014. "Globalisation and the Future of the Welfare State," IZA Policy Papers 81, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Torben M. Andersen & Allan Sørensen, 2010. "Globalization, tax distortions and public sector retrenchment," Economics Working Papers 2010-09, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.

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