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The 'New Regionalism': Integration as a Commitment Device for Developing Countries

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  • Andreas Waldkirch

    (Oregon State University)

Abstract

Increasingly, developing countries embrace foreign direct investment (FDI) and simultaneously pursue economic integration with developed countries. Foreign investment is subject to sovereign risk and free trade agreements may serve as a commitment mechanism in order to achieve higher sustainable levels of FDI. This paper shows that such agreements, by inducing sunk investments in expanding export sectors, can indeed increase the level of self-enforcing FDI. While one might expect FDI from any source to increase, the analysis shows that this need not be true for FDI originating in non-partner countries even though export- platform type FDI will rise. The reason is the offsetting effect from trade diversion, which diminishes the ability to retaliate should a host country renege on its ex ante commitment to a foreign investor. The choice of partner is thus crucial for a country's ability to attract FDI through economic integration.

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/it/papers/0412/0412004.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series International Trade with number 0412004.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 07 Dec 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpit:0412004

Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 33. pdf-file, 33 pages
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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

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Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment; Economic Integration; Commitment;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Tekin-Koru, Ayca & Waldkirch, Andreas, 2007. "North American Integration and the Location of Foreign Direct Investment," MPRA Paper 5212, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Ayça Tekin-Koru & Andreas Waldkirch, 2010. "North-South Integration and the Location of Foreign Direct Investment," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(4), pages 696-713, 09.
  3. Park, Innwon & Park, Soonchan, 2006. "Reform-creating regional trade agreements and foreign direct investment: applications for East Asia," MPRA Paper 1817, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jan 2007.

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