Productivity and Technical Change: The Case of Taiwan
Abstract"Technical change" and "technical efficiency change" are two key factors to productivity growth that are associated with different sources; hence, different policies may be required to address them. Therefore, it is important to decompose productivity growth into these two components. Technical change may be further decomposed into output- and input-biases. These biases have impacts on factor income distribution and hence policy implications associated with them. It is therefore important to identify the output- and input-bias components of technical change and measure them empirically. In this paper, we explore the above issues for the disaggregate cases of 18 Taiwan manufacturing industries at the 2-digit level grouping during the period 1978-92. To pursue our goal we decompose the Malmquist total factor productivity (TFP) index into two components: technical change and technical efficiency change. Here, however, we further decompose the technical change component; in particular we define output bias, input bias and a magnitude term. In addition, we are able to identify the directions of the input biases.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series GE, Growth, Math methods with number 9509001.
Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 29 Sep 1995
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C6 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling
- D5 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium
- D9 - Microeconomics - - Intertemporal Choice and Growth
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Diewert, W E, 1980. "Capital and the Theory of Productivity Measurement," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(2), pages 260-67, May.
- Binswanger, Hans P., 1973.
"The Measurement Of Technical Change Biases With Many Factors Of Production,"
14205, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
- Binswanger, Hans P, 1974. "The Measurement of Technical Change Biases with Many Factors of Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 64(6), pages 964-76, December.
- Kumar, Surender, 2004. "Decomposition of total factor productivity growth: A regional analysis of Indian industrial manufacturing growth," Working Papers 04/22, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
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