Entrepreneurship, Structural Change, and Economic Growth
AbstractThe ability to adjust to structural change is vital to economic development, and entries can be active participants in this process. This paper aims to shed some light on the relation between entrepreneurship and growth by arguing that entrepreneurial activity relates to growth via reallocation of factors across sectors. While the importance of entrepreneurship for the reallocation of factors is widely acknowledged, and economic growth may be accelerated by structural change, there is to date no empirical evidence as to the quantitative importance of this link. This study fills that gap. The historical framework is the accelerated economic transformation that occurred in industrialized countries during the mid 1970s, resulting in an increasing need to adjust. Based on German data from 1975 to 2002, evidence is presented that sectoral reallocations are an important means for transforming entrepreneurial activity into growth. To proxy changes in the local sectoral structure induced by entries, a set of similarity measures is introduced that quantifies the impact of new business formation on sectoral reallocations of local economic activity. These measures have in common that they measure the concordance of new entriesâ€™ sector affiliations with that of existing businesses or those that exit. Next, these measures are used to analyze the relationship between structural change induced by entrepreneurial activity and economic development. The empirical findings suggest that structural change induced by newly founded businesses is positively related to local growth, revealing one element of the complex relation between entrepreneurship and growth.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa11p427.
Date of creation: Sep 2011
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Other versions of this item:
- Florian Noseleit, 2013. "Entrepreneurship, structural change, and economic growth," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 23(4), pages 735-766, September.
- Florian Noseleit, 2011. "Entrepreneurship, structural change, and economic growth," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1104, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Jan 2011.
- L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
- M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
- O18 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
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