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Player Salaries, Player Mobility and the Invariance Principle: Evidence from the National Hockey League

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  • Philippe Cyrenne

Abstract

This paper develops a bargaining model of wages and contract length as applied to a professional sports league. Using data based on the recent Collective Bargaining Agreement between players and owners in the National Hockey League, I examine the effect of restrictions on player contracting on both the mobility and salaries of players over the period 2005-2010. Using a variety of estimators both for player mobility and salary determination, I find some evidence that a player’s free agency status effects both mobility and player salaries, but significantly less than might be expected. A key result is that mobility needs to be taken into account when developing models of wage determination in professional sports.

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File URL: http://economics.uwinnipeg.ca/RePEc/winwop/2013-04.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The University of Winnipeg, Department of Economics in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 2013-04.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:win:winwop:2013-04

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  1. Cyrenne, Philippe, 2001. "A Quality-of-Play Model of a Professional Sports League," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 39(3), pages 444-52, July.
  2. Philippe Cyrenne, 2009. "Modelling Professional Sports Leagues: An Industrial Organization Approach," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 193-215, May.
  3. Lehn, Kenneth, 1982. "Property Rights, Risk Sharing, and Player Disability in Major League Baseball," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 25(2), pages 343-66, October.
  4. Idson, Todd L & Kahane, Leo H, 2000. "Team Effects on Compensation: An Application to Salary Determination in the National Hockey League," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 38(2), pages 345-57, April.
  5. Murphy, K.J. & Gibbons, R., 1990. "Optimal Incentive Contracts in the Presence of Career Concerns : Theory and Evidence," Papers 90-09, Rochester, Business - Managerial Economics Research Center.
  6. Martin Schmidt, 2011. "Institutional Change and Factor Movement in Major League Baseball: An Examination of the Coase Theorem’s Invariance Principle," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 39(3), pages 187-205, November.
  7. Marc Lavoie & Gilles Grenier & Serge Coulombe, 1987. "Discrimination and Performance Differentials in the National Hockey League," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 13(4), pages 407-422, December.
  8. Hall, Robert & Krueger, Alan B., 2008. "Wage Formation between Newly Hired Workers and Employers: Survey Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 3775, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  15. Stefan Szymanski, 2000. "A Market Test for Discrimination in the English Professional Soccer Leagues," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(3), pages 590-603, June.
  16. McCormick, Robert E. & Tollison, Robert D., 2001. "Why do black basketball players work more for less money?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 201-219, February.
  17. Stephen F. Ross, 2003. "Competition Law as a Constraint on Monopolistic Exploitation by Sports Leagues and Clubs," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(4), pages 569-584, Winter.
  18. Marc Lavoie, 2000. "The Location of Pay Discrimination in the National Hockey League," Journal of Sports Economics, , vol. 1(4), pages 401-411, November.
  19. Rodney Fort & James Quirk, 1995. "Cross-subsidization, Incentives, and Outcomes in Professional Team Sports Leagues," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(3), pages 1265-1299, September.
  20. Joel Maxcy, 2004. "Motivating long-term employment contracts: risk management in major league baseball," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(2), pages 109-120.
  21. Stefan Szymanski, 2003. "The Economic Design of Sporting Contests," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 41(4), pages 1137-1187, December.
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