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Gender equality and economic growth in Brazil : a long-run analysis

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  • Agenor, Pierre-Richard
  • Canuto, Otaviano

Abstract

This paper studies the long-run impact of policies aimed at fostering gender equality on economic growth in Brazil. The first part provides a brief review of gender issues in the country. The second part presents a gender-based, three-period OLG model that accounts for women's time allocation between market work, child rearing, human capital accumulation, and home production. Bargaining between spouses depends on relative human capital stocks, and thus indirectly on access to infrastructure. The model is calibrated and various experiments are conducted, including investment in infrastructure, conditional cash transfers, a reduction in gender bias in the market place, and a composite pro-growth, pro-gender reform program. The analysis showed that fostering gender equality, which may partly depend on the externalities that infrastructure creates in terms of women's time allocation and bargaining power, may have a substantial impact on long-run growth in Brazil.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6348.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6348

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Keywords: Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Population Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Gender and Law; Labor Policies;

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References

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  1. Osang, Thomas & Sarkar, Jayanta, 2005. "Endogenous Mortality, Human Capital and Endogenous Growth," Departmental Working Papers 0511, Southern Methodist University, Department of Economics.
  2. Ferreira, Pedro Cavalcanti Gomes & Nascimento, Leandro Gonçalves do, 2005. "Welfare and Growth Effects of Alternative Fiscal Rules for Infrastructure Investment in Brazil," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 604, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  3. Zac Mills & Annette Kyobe & Jim Brumby & Chris Papageorgiou & Era Dabla-Norris, 2011. "Investing in Public Investment," IMF Working Papers 11/37, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Ngo, Thi Minh-Phuong & Wahhaj, Zaki, 2012. "Microfinance and gender empowerment," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 1-12.
  5. Pereira, Ricardo A. de Castro & Ferreira, Pedro Cavalcanti, 2010. "Avaliação dos impactos macro-econômicos e de bem-estar da reforma tributária no Brasil," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 709, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  6. David Lam & Suzanne Duryea, 1999. "Effects of Schooling on Fertility, Labor Supply, and Investments in Children, with Evidence from Brazil," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(1), pages 160-192.
  7. William Lord & Peter Rangazas, 2006. "Fertility and development: the roles of schooling and family production," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 229-261, September.
  8. Gerhard Glomm & Juergen Jung & Chung Tran, 2006. "Macroeconomic Implications of Early Retirement in the Public Sector: The Case of Brazil," Caepr Working Papers 2006-008, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
  9. Reis, Mauricio, 2010. "Cash transfer programs and child health in Brazil," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 22-25, July.
  10. Graciela Chichilnisky, 2008. "The Gender Gap," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(4), pages 828-844, November.
  11. Juliano Junqueira Assunção & Luciana Sampaio Alves, 2007. "Restrições de Crédito e Decisões Intra-Familiares," Revista Brasileira de Economia, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 61(2), pages 201-229, November.
  12. Ariel Fiszbein & Norbert Schady & Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Margaret Grosh & Niall Keleher & Pedro Olinto & Emmanuel Skoufias, 2009. "Conditional Cash Transfers : Reducing Present and Future Poverty," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2597.
  13. repec:aia:aiaswp:wp83 is not listed on IDEAS
  14. Karine S. Moe, 1998. "Fertility, Time Use, and Economic Development," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 1(3), pages 699-718, July.
  15. Jill Tiefenthaler, 1999. "The sectoral labor supply of married couples in Brazil: Testing the unitary model of household behavior," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 591-606.
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