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Access to Infrastructure and Women’s Time Allocation: Evidence and a Framework for Policy Analysis

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  • Pierre-Richard AGENOR

    (Université de Manchester)

  • Otaviano CANUTO

    (FERDI)

Abstract

This paper studies the interactions between access to infrastructure, women’s time allocation, and economic growth in developing countries. The first part provides a review of the evidence on the impact of poor infrastructure on women’s ability to allocate their time to productive activities. The second part presents a quantitative framework for policy analysis, in the form of a gender-based, computable overlapping generations (OLG) model of economic growth that captures these interactions as well as of inter- and intra-generational health externalities. The model is then calibrated for a low-income country (Benin) and used to quantify the impact of a policy aimed at improving access to infrastructure on women’s time allocation, growth and education and health outcomes. Implications of the analysis for strengthening the role of women in the growth process in developing economies are also discussed. Mise à jour novembre 2013

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FERDI in its series Working Papers with number P45.

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Date of creation: Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:fdi:wpaper:476

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  2. Taryn Dinkelman, 2011. "The Effects of Rural Electrification on Employment: New Evidence from South Africa," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 101(7), pages 3078-3108, December.
  3. Kevane, Michael & Wydick, Bruce, 2001. "Social Norms and the Time Allocation of Women's Labor in Burkina Faso," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(1), pages 119-29, February.
  4. Alexis Le�n, 2008. "The Effect of Household Appliances on Female Labor Force Participation: Evidence from Micro Data," Working Papers, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Economics 355, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2009.
  5. Kristin Mammen & Christina Paxson, 2000. "Women's Work and Economic Development," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 14(4), pages 141-164, Fall.
  6. Nopo, Hugo & Daza, Nancy & Ramos, Johanna, 2011. "Gender Earnings Gaps in the World," IZA Discussion Papers 5736, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Tiago V. de V. Cavalcanti & José Tavares, 2004. "Assessing The "Engines Of Liberation": Home Appliances And Female Labor Force Participation," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32th Brazilian Economics Meeting], ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of G 037, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  8. Arndt, Channing & Benfica, Rui M.S. & Thurlow, James, 2012. "Gender Implications of Biofuels Expansion in Africa: The Case of Mozambique," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, International Association of Agricultural Economists 125395, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  9. Blackden, Mark & Canagarajah, Sudharshan & Klasen, Stephan & Lawson, David, 2006. "Gender and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Issues and Evidence," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) RP2006/37, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  10. Agenor, Pierre-Richard & Canuto, Otaviano & da Silva, Luiz Pereira, 2010. "On gender and growth : the role of intergenerational health externalities and women's occupational constraints," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5492, The World Bank.
  11. Ariel Fiszbein & Norbert Schady & Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Margaret Grosh & Niall Keleher & Pedro Olinto & Emmanuel Skoufias, 2009. "Conditional Cash Transfers : Reducing Present and Future Poverty," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2597, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Canuto, Otaviano, 2012. "Measuring the Effect of Gender-Based Policies on Economic Growth," World Bank - Economic Premise, The World Bank, The World Bank, issue 85, pages 1-6, June.
  2. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Otaviano Canuto, 2013. "Gender Equality and Economic Growth in Brazil," World Bank Other Operational Studies 17027, The World Bank.

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