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Mainstreaming climate adaptation into development assistance in Mozambique: Institutional barriers and opportunities

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  • Sietz, Diana
  • Boschutz, Maria
  • Klein, Richard JT
  • Lotsch, Alexander
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    Abstract

    Based on a literature review and expert interviews, this paper analyzes the most important climate impacts on development goals and explores relevant institutions in the context of mainstreaming climate adaptation into development assistance in Mozambique. Climate variability and change can significantly hinder progress toward attaining the Millennium Development Goals and poverty aggravates the country's climate vulnerability. Because Mozambique is one of the major recipients of official development assistance in the world, there is a clear interest in ensuring that the risks of climate impacts are incorporated into the country's development investments. A screening of donor activities at the sub-national level shows that a high share of development assistance is invested in climate-sensitive sectors, partly in areas that are particularly exposed to droughts, floods, and cyclones. The authors find that Mozambique has a supportive legislative environment and donors have a high awareness of climate risks. However, limited individual, organizational, networking, and financial capacity constrain mainstreaming initiatives. Given strong limitations at the national level, bilateral and multilateral donors can play a key role in fostering institutional capacity in Mozambique.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4711.

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    Date of creation: 01 Sep 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4711

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    Keywords: Climate Change; Environmental Economics&Policies; Population Policies; Common Property Resource Development; Global Environment Facility;

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    1. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1369-1401, December.
    2. Jayne, Thomas S. & Yamano, Takashi & Weber, Michael T. & Tschirley, David L. & Benfica, Rui M.S. & Neven, David & Chapoto, Antony & Zulu, Ballard, 2001. "Smallholder Income and Land Distribution in Africa: Implications for Poverty Reduction Strategies," Food Security International Development Papers, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics 54047, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    3. Dercon, Stefan, 2004. "Growth and shocks: evidence from rural Ethiopia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 309-329, August.
    4. Neil Adger, W., 1999. "Social Vulnerability to Climate Change and Extremes in Coastal Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 249-269, February.
    5. Tom Jones, 2002. "Policy Coherence, Global Environmental Governance, and Poverty Reduction," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 2(4), pages 389-401, December.
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    Cited by:
    1. Marianne Fay & Rachel I. Block & Jane Ebinger, 2010. "Adapting to Climate Change in Eastern Europe and Central Asia," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2407, August.

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