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Labour Market Segmentation, Flexibility and Precariousness in the Italian North East

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  • Giuseppe Tattara

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University Of Venice Ca’ Foscari)

  • Marco Valentini

    (Department of Statistics, University Of Venice Ca’ Foscari)

Abstract

Official Italian statistics undervalue the presence of short-term labour contracts. A more careful account of short term labour contracts more than doubles the official figures ranking Italy among the countries with a large amount of temporary work. Temporary labour contracts represent half of the total yearly labour flows and doubled in recent years in France, Italy and Spain in an attempt to avoid labour market rigidities imposed by the employment national legislations. But temporary contracts have larger potential costs. Very little is known about temporary workers in Italy and it is therefore important to improve our understanding of their career opportunities and to asses the impact of this form labour market flexibility. A succession of temporary jobs can push workers towards more permanent forms of employment, so that worse conditions received during the temporary contract period are compensated for by better conditions in the future. But people working for short spells can be also considered as an extreme case of outsiders, who receive low wages and have worse conditions compared to permanent workers, and this situation may last for their entire working life. In the nineties the divide between movers (non tenure workers) and stayers has increased and a considerable quota of the work force is deemed to never stabilize.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari" in its series Working Papers with number 2006_03_EV.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ven:wpaper:2006_03_ev

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Keywords: Regional Labour Markets; Temporary work; Tenure; Segmentation.;

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  1. Petri Böckerman, 2004. "Perception of Job Instability in Europe," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 67(3), pages 283-314, July.
  2. Booth, Alison L. & Francesconi, Marco & Frank, Jeff, 2000. "Temporary Jobs: Stepping Stones or Dead Ends?," IZA Discussion Papers 205, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Del Conte Maurizio & Devillanova Carlo & Morelli Silvia, 2004. "L'indice OECD di rigidità nel mercato del lavoro: una nota," Politica economica, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 335-356.
  4. Rita Canu & Giuseppe Tattara, 2005. "Quando le farfalle mettono le ali. Osservazioni sull'ingresso delle donne nel lavoro dipendente," Economia & Lavoro, Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini, issue 2, pages 67.
  5. Heisz, Andrew, 1996. "Changes in Job Tenure and Job Stability in Canada," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1996095e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  6. Magnac, T. & Robin, J. -M., 1995. "An econometric analysis of labour market transitions using discrete and tenure data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 106-106, March.
  7. Bruno Contini & Michelangelo Filippi & Claudio Malpede, 2001. "Differenziali retributivi nord-sud: distorsioni attribuibili alla normativa previdenziale," LABORatorio R. Revelli Working Papers Series 13, LABORatorio R. Revelli, Centre for Employment Studies.
  8. Stephen Nickell, 1997. "Unemployment and Labor Market Rigidities: Europe versus North America," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(3), pages 55-74, Summer.
  9. Peter AUER & Sandrine CAZES, 2000. "The resilience of the long-term employment relationship: Evidence from the industrialized countries," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 139(4), pages 379-408, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Bosio, Giulio, 2008. "Labour market transition in Italy: an empirical investigation," MPRA Paper 18901, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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