Women’s Empowerment and HIV Prevention in Rural Malawi
AbstractCondom use and communication among sexual partners are important strategies for HIV prevention. Using a panel data set of more than 1,200 married women in rural Malawi from 1998-2008, this paper shows that adequate HIV prevention strategies, i.e. condom use within marriage and HIV-related spousal communication, are more widely used as women's bargaining power increases. I focus on different dimensions of women’s empowerment, namely personal and interpersonal empowerment. Among the proxies used for women's empowerment, own income, knowledge of other local languages and awareness of exit options from marriage are found to play a particularly important role in promoting adequate preventive behaviors. The main findings continue to hold after individual-specific fixed effects and time dummies are included in order to account for unobserved hetereogeneity and time trends.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science in its series Economics Working Paper Series with number 1222.
Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2012
Date of revision:
HIV/AIDS; Sub-Saharan Africa; gender; development; spousal communication; condom use within marriage;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2012-11-03 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2012-11-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2012-11-03 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-DEV-2012-11-03 (Development)
- NEP-HEA-2012-11-03 (Health Economics)
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