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Intra-Household Bargaining Power and HIV Prevention: Empirical Evidence from Married Couples in Rural Malawi

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  • Gerritzen, Berit C.

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    Abstract

    This paper studies the dynamics between intra-household bargaining power and HIV prevention from a systemic perspective, using a panel data set of 500 married couples in rural Malawi from 2004-2008. All information has been matched at the couple level, which allows to directly assess the effect of a relative increase in bargaining power, as measured by economic, social and relationship variables, on both spouses' attitudes towards HIV prevention, while controlling for HIV status. I employ a fixed effects linear probability model with national and region-specific time trends in order to capture both unobserved heterogeneity at the individual level as well as differences in HIV prevalence and intensity of HIV campaigns in the three regions that are studied. The results show that factors that are associated with a relative increase in female bargaining power, such as own earnings and attendance of women at local political meetings, are related to improved acceptance of HIV prevention.

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    File URL: http://www1.vwa.unisg.ch/RePEc/usg/econwp/EWP-1408.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science in its series Economics Working Paper Series with number 1408.

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    Length: 52 pages
    Date of creation: Apr 2014
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:usg:econwp:2014:08

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    Related research

    Keywords: HIV/AIDS; gender; intra-household bargaining; spousal communication; condom use; Sub-Saharan Africa; Malawi;

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