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The Economics of HIV/AIDS: A Survey

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  • Edoardo Gaffeo

    ()
    (University of Udine, Italy)

Abstract

This article surveys the main economic issues associated with the HIV/AIDS epidemic, paying special attention to sub-Saharan Africa. It explores the economic and behavioural determinants of HIV transmission, the microeconomics of market failures associated with high HIV prevalence, the prospects for regional development from a macroeconomic perspective and the efficient design of policies for coping with the epidemic. In line with the recent appeal by the UN Secretary General, the article argues that, without a decisive effort to halt HIV/AIDS, people living in the region are bound to experience a further fall in their standard of living in both relative and absolute terms. However, to be effective, anti-AIDS programmes must be rooted in sound economic principles. Copyright Overseas Development Institute, 2003.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Overseas Development Institute in its journal Development Policy Review.

Volume (Year): 21 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 (01)
Pages: 27-49

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Handle: RePEc:bla:devpol:v:21:y:2003:i:1:p:27-49

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Cited by:
  1. Thornton, Rebecca L., 2012. "HIV testing, subjective beliefs and economic behavior," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 99(2), pages 300-313.
  2. Peter Nunnenkamp & Hannes Öhler, 2010. "Throwing Foreign Aid at HIV/AIDS in Developing Countries: Missing the Target?," Kiel Working Papers 1642, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  3. David, Antonio C. & Li, Carmen A., 2008. "Exploring the links between HIV/AIDS, social capital, and development," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4679, The World Bank.
  4. Martine Visser & Frikkie Booysen, 2004. "Determinants of the choice of health care facility utilised by individuals in HIV/AIDS-affected households in the Free State province of South Africa," SALDRU/CSSR Working Papers, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town 087, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.
  5. Eric Neumayer, 2004. "HIV/AIDS and its impact on convergence in life expectancy, infant and child survival rates," HEW, EconWPA 0405001, EconWPA.
  6. Gerritzen, Berit C., 2014. "Intra-Household Bargaining Power and HIV Prevention: Empirical Evidence from Married Couples in Rural Malawi," Economics Working Paper Series 1408, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
  7. Francis, Andrew M. & Mialon, Hugo M., 2010. "Tolerance and HIV," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 250-267, March.
  8. Given Mutinta & Jeff Gow & Gavin George & Kelvin Kunda & Katarina Ojteg, 2011. "The Influence of Socio-Economic Determinants on HIV Prevalence in South Africa," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 1, pages 96-106, November.
  9. David, Antonio C., 2007. "HIV/AIDS and social capital in a cross-section of countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4263, The World Bank.
  10. Brahmbhatt, Milan & Dutta, Arindam, 2008. "On SARS type economic effects during infectious disease outbreaks," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4466, The World Bank.

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