Wage effects of job-worker mismatches: Heterogeneous skills or institutional effects?
AbstractThe strong wage effects related to mismatches between a workers education and that required in the job are usually attributed to assignment theory. This theory asserts that productivity and wages depend on the education-job match, which determines the utilization of skills. However, recent research shows that educational mismatches are only weakly related to skill utilization, which in any case fails to account for the bulk of the wage effects. Two alternative theories have been put forward to explain the observed wage effects. One points to wage setting institutions that cause wages to be based on job characteristics regardless of individual performance, the other to the heterogeneity of skills within a given educational level. Both theories explain existing results, but have never been tested directly. In this paper we show that the former theory explains observed wage effects in the public sector, and the latter theory those in the private sector.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE) in its series Research Memorandum with number 071.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials; Public Sector Labor Markets; Labor-Management Relations; Trade Unions; and Collective Bargaining: General;
Other versions of this item:
- Allen J.P. & Velden R.K.W. van der & Badillo-Amador L., 2013. "Wage effects of job-worker mismatches: Heterogeneous skills or institutional effects?," ROA Research Memorandum 021, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets
- J50 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - General
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- McGuinness, Seamus & Sloane, Peter J., 2011.
"Labour market mismatch among UK graduates: An analysis using REFLEX data,"
Economics of Education Review,
Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 130-145, February.
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