Deterrence, Incapacitation, and Repeat Offenders
AbstractThis paper develops an economic model of criminal enforcement that combines the goals of deterrence and incapacitation. Potential offenders commit an initial criminal act if the present value of net private gains is positive. A fraction of these offenders become habitual and commit further crimes immediately upon release from their initial prison term (if any). The optimal punishment scheme in this setting generally involves a finite prison term for first-time offenders (based on the goal of deterrence), and an infinite (life) sentence for repeat offenders (based on the goal of incapacitation).
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Connecticut, Department of Economics in its series Working papers with number 2008-44.
Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision:
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Deterrence; incapacitation; prison; repeat offenders;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law
- K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
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