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Sectoral Composition of Government Spending and Macroeconomic (In)stability

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  • Jang-Ting Guo

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of California Riverside)

  • Juin-Jen Chang

    ()
    (Academia Sinica)

  • Jhy-Yuan Shieh

    ()
    (Soochow University)

  • Wei-Neng Wang

    ()
    (Soochow University)

Abstract

This paper examines the quantitative interrelations between sectoral composition of public spending and equilibrium (in)determinacy in a two-sector real business cycle model with positive productive externalities in investment. When government purchases of con- sumption and investment goods are set as constant fractions of their respective sectoral output, we show that the public-consumption share plays no role in the modeliÌs local dynamics, and that a su¢ ciently high public-investment share can stabilize the economy against endogenous belief-driven cyclical aÌuctuations. When each type of government spending is postulated as a constant proportion of the economyiÌs total output, we Önd that there exists a trade-o§ between public consumption versus investment expenditures to yield saddle-path stability and equilibrium uniqueness.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of California at Riverside, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 201305.

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Date of creation: Sep 2013
Date of revision: Sep 2013
Handle: RePEc:ucr:wpaper:201305

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Keywords: Government Spending; Equilibrium (In)determinacy; Business Cycles;

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  1. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00194395 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Jess Benhabib & Roger E.A. Farmer, 1992. "Indeterminacy and Increasing Returns," UCLA Economics Working Papers 646, UCLA Department of Economics.
  3. Barro, Robert J., 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogeneous Growth," Scholarly Articles 3451296, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  4. Christiano, Lawrence J. & G. Harrison, Sharon, 1999. "Chaos, sunspots and automatic stabilizers," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 3-31, August.
  5. Chen, Shu-Hua & Guo, Jang-Ting, 2013. "Progressive taxation and macroeconomic (In) stability with productive government spending," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 951-963.
  6. Teresa Lloyd-Braga & Leonor Modesto & Thomas Seegmuller, 2008. "Tax Rate Variability and Public Spending as Sources of Indeterminacy," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 10(3), pages 399-421, 06.
  7. Guo, Jang-Ting & Lansing, Kevin J., 1998. "Indeterminacy and Stabilization Policy," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 481-490, October.
  8. Chryssi Giannitsarou, 2007. "Balanced Budget Rules and Aggregate Instability: The Role of Consumption Taxes," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(523), pages 1423-1435, October.
  9. Nir Jaimovich & Sergio Rebelo, 2009. "Can News about the Future Drive the Business Cycle?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(4), pages 1097-1118, September.
  10. Carine Nourry & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2011. "Aggregate instability under balanced-budget consumption taxes: a re-examination," Working Papers halshs-00633609, HAL.
  11. Gokan, Yoichi, 2006. "Dynamic effects of government expenditure in a finance constrained economy," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 127(1), pages 323-333, March.
  12. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 1997. "Balanced-Budget Rules, Distortionary Taxes, and Aggregate Instability," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 976-1000, October.
  13. Hansen, Gary D., 1985. "Indivisible labor and the business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 309-327, November.
  14. Guo, Jang-Ting & Harrison, Sharon G., 2010. "Indeterminacy with no-income-effect preferences and sector-specific externalities," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 145(1), pages 287-300, January.
  15. Kazuo Mino & Yasuhiro Nakamoto, 2008. "Progressive Taxation, Wealth Distribution, and Macroeconomic Stability," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 08-22, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
  16. Scott J. Dressler, 2011. "Economies Of Scale In Banking, Indeterminacy, And Monetary Policy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 49(1), pages 185-193, 01.
  17. Xavier Raurich, 2001. "Indeterminancy and Government Spending in a Two-Sector Model of Endogenous Growth," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 4(1), pages 210-229, January.
  18. Nicolas L. Dromel & Patrick A. Pintus, 2008. "Are Progressive Income Taxes Stabilizing?," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 10(3), pages 329-349, 06.
  19. ShuHua Chen & JangTing Guo, 2013. "On indeterminacy and growth under progressive taxation and productive government spending," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 46(3), pages 865-880, August.
  20. Gokan Yoichi, 2013. "Income taxes and endogenous fluctuations: a generalization," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 17(4), pages 461-482, September.
  21. Dromel, Nicolas L. & Pintus, Patrick A., 2007. "Linearly progressive income taxes and stabilization," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 25-29, March.
  22. Sharon G. Harrison, 2003. "Returns to Scale and Externalities in the Consumption and Investment Sectors," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 6(4), pages 963-976, October.
  23. Harrison, Sharon G., 2001. "Indeterminacy in a model with sector-specific externalities," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 747-764, May.
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