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Balanced Budget Rules and Aggregate Instability: The Role of Consumption Taxes

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  • Giannitsarou, Chryssi

Abstract

It is known that, in the context of a real business cycle model with constant returns to scale and a balanced budget fiscal policy rule, steady state indeterminacy may arise as a result of endogenous labor income tax rates. In this paper, it is shown that when the government finances its expenditures via an endogenous consumption tax instead, there exists a unique steady state which is always saddle-path stable. As a result, combining income taxes with consumption taxes makes the ranges of indeterminacy shrink, thus reducing the possibility of aggregate instability. From a policy perspective, the results provide an additional argument in favor of (less distortionary) consumption taxes in place of capital taxes.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 5531.

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Date of creation: Mar 2006
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:5531

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Keywords: balanced budget rules; consumption tax; fiscal policy; indeterminacy;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Kengo Nutahara, 2013. "Asset Price Targeting Government Spending and Equilibrium Indeterminacy in A Sticky-Price Economy," CIGS Working Paper Series 13-003E, The Canon Institute for Global Studies.
  2. Philippe Michel & Leopold Von Thadden & Jean-Pierre Vidal, 2010. "Debt Stabilizing Fiscal Rules," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 12(5), pages 923-941, October.
  3. Jianpo Xue & Chong K. Yip, 2013. "Balanced-Budget Rules and Aggregate Instability: The Role of Consumption Taxes in a Monetary Economy," Working Papers 112013, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  4. Lipińska, Anna & von Thadden, Leopold, 2009. "Monetary and fiscal policy aspects of indirect tax changes in a monetary union," Working Paper Series 1097, European Central Bank.
  5. Jang-Ting Guo & Juin-Jen Chang & Jhy-Yuan Shieh & Wei-Neng Wang, 2013. "Sectoral Composition of Government Spending and Macroeconomic (In)stability," Working Papers 201305, University of California at Riverside, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2013.
  6. Emanuel Gasteiger & Shoujian Zhang, 2013. "Anticipation, Learning and Welfare: the Case of Distortionary Taxation," Discussion Paper Series, Department of Economics 201309, Department of Economics, University of St. Andrews.
  7. Nicolas Abad & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2013. "Aggregate Instability under Labor Income Taxation and Balanced-Budget Rules: Preferences Matter," Working Papers halshs-00793213, HAL.
  8. Kazuo Nishimura & Carine Nourry & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2013. "Destabilizing Balanced-Budget Consumption Taxes in Multi-Sector Economies," AMSE Working Papers 1312, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France, revised Sep 2012.
  9. Teresa Lloyd-Braga & Leonor Modesto & Thomas Seegmuller, 2008. "Tax Rate Variability and Public Spending as Sources of Indeterminacy," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 10(3), pages 399-421, 06.
  10. Thomas Seegmuller & Leonor Modesto & Teresa Lloyd-Braga, 2008. "Market Imperfections and Endogenous Fluctuations," 2008 Meeting Papers 739, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  11. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Kyriakos C. Neanidis, 2007. "Optimal Taxation and Growth with Public Goods and Costly Enforcement," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 89, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
  12. Carine Nourry & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2011. "Aggregate instability under balanced-budget consumption taxes: a re-examination," Working Papers halshs-00633609, HAL.

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