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Balanced Budget Rules and Aggregate Instability: The Role of Consumption Taxes

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  • Chryssi Giannitsarou

Abstract

It is known that in a real business cycle model with constant returns to scale and a balanced budget fiscal policy rule, steady state indeterminacy may arise due to endogenous labour income tax rates. This article shows that when the government finances its expenditures via an endogenous consumption tax instead, a steady state is always saddle-path stable. Consequently, combining income taxes with consumption taxes makes the ranges of indeterminacy shrink, thus reducing the possibility of aggregate instability. From a policy perspective, the results provide an additional argument in favour of consumption taxes in place of capital taxes. Copyright 2007 The Author(s). Journal compilation Royal Economic Society 2007.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Royal Economic Society in its journal The Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 117 (2007)
Issue (Month): 523 (October)
Pages: 1423-1435

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Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:117:y:2007:i:523:p:1423-1435

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  1. Alesina, Alberto & Perotti, Roberto, 1996. "Fiscal Discipline and the Budget Process," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 401-07, May.
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  4. Duffy, John & Xiao, Wei, 2007. "Instability of sunspot equilibria in real business cycle models under adaptive learning," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(3), pages 879-903, April.
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  7. George W. Evans & Bruce McGough, 2002. "Indeterminacy and the Stability Puzzle in Non-Convex Economies," University of Oregon Economics Department Working Papers 2002-14, University of Oregon Economics Department, revised 27 Aug 2005.
  8. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 1997. "Balanced-Budget Rules, Distortionary Taxes, and Aggregate Instability," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 976-1000, October.
  9. King, Robert G. & Plosser, Charles I. & Rebelo, Sergio T., 1988. "Production, growth and business cycles : I. The basic neoclassical model," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2-3), pages 195-232.
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  11. Thomas F. Cooley & Gary D. Hansen, 1991. "Tax distortions in a neoclassical monetary economy," Discussion Paper / Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics 38, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  12. Enrique G. Mendoza & Assaf Razin & Linda L. Tesar, 1994. "Effective Tax Rates in Macroeconomics: Cross-Country Estimates of Tax Rates on Factor Incomes and Consumption," NBER Working Papers 4864, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Guo, Jang-Ting & Harrison, Sharon G., 2004. "Balanced-budget rules and macroeconomic (in)stability," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 119(2), pages 357-363, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gasteiger, Emanuel & Zhang, Shoujian, 2014. "Anticipation, learning and welfare: the case of distortionary taxation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 113-126.
  2. Carine Nourry & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2011. "Aggregate instability under balanced-budget consumption taxes: a re-examination," Working Papers halshs-00633609, HAL.
  3. Jang-Ting Guo & Juin-Jen Chang & Jhy-Yuan Shieh & Wei-Neng Wang, 2013. "Sectoral Composition of Government Spending and Macroeconomic (In)stability," Working Papers 201305, University of California at Riverside, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2013.
  4. Kazuo Nishimura & Carine Nourry & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2013. "Destabilizing balanced-budget consumption taxes in multi-sector economies," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 9(1), pages 113-130, 03.
  5. Thomas Seegmuller & Leonor Modesto & Teresa Lloyd-Braga, 2008. "Market Imperfections and Endogenous Fluctuations," 2008 Meeting Papers 739, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  6. Kengo Nutahara, 2013. "Asset Price Targeting Government Spending and Equilibrium Indeterminacy in A Sticky-Price Economy," CIGS Working Paper Series 13-003E, The Canon Institute for Global Studies.
  7. Nicolas Abad & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2012. "Aggregate Instability under Labor Income Taxation and Balanced-Budget Rules: Preferences Matter," AMSE Working Papers 1217, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France, revised Apr 2012.
  8. Lipińska, Anna & von Thadden, Leopold, 2009. "Monetary and fiscal policy aspects of indirect tax changes in a monetary union," Working Paper Series 1097, European Central Bank.
  9. Philippe Michel & Leopold Von Thadden & Jean-Pierre Vidal, 2010. "Debt Stabilizing Fiscal Rules," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 12(5), pages 923-941, October.
  10. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Kyriakos C. Neanidis, 2007. "Optimal Taxation and Growth with Public Goods and Costly Enforcement," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 89, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
  11. Lloyd-Braga, Teresa & Modesto, Leonor & Seegmuller, Thomas, 2006. "Tax Rate Variability and Public Spending as Sources of Inderterminacy," CEPR Discussion Papers 5796, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Jianpo Xue & Chong K. Yip, 2013. "Balanced-Budget Rules and Aggregate Instability: The Role of Consumption Taxes in a Monetary Economy," Working Papers 112013, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.

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