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The External Effects of Black-Male Incarceration on Black Females

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  • Stéphane Mechoulan

Abstract

We examine how the rising incarceration of Black men and the sex ratio imbalance it induces shapes young Black women’s behavior during their late teens and early twenties. Combining data from the BJS and the CPS to match incarceration rates with individual observations, we show that Black male incarceration lowers the odds of non-marital teenage fertility and increases single Black women’s school attainment and early employment. We do not find consistent evidence that high Black male incarceration rates decrease the likelihood of getting married for young Black women. These results are robust to using sentencing changes and prison capacity expansions as instruments for incarceration.

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File URL: http://www.economics.utoronto.ca/public/workingPapers/tecipa-240-1.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Toronto, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number tecipa-240.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 22 Jun 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tor:tecipa:tecipa-240

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Keywords: incarceration; prison; prison capacity; sentencing laws; teenage fertility; education; school; labor force participation;

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  1. William A. Darity & Samuel L. Myers, 1990. "Impacts Of Violent Crime On Black Family Structure," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 8(4), pages 15-29, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Richard J. Murnane, 2013. "U.S. High School Graduation Rates: Patterns and Explanations," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 51(2), pages 370-422, June.
  2. Richard J. Murnane, 2013. "U.S High School Graduation Rates: Patterns and Explanations," NBER Working Papers 18701, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Stone, Joe A., 2012. "The black-white gap in non marital fertility education and mates in segmented marriage markets," MPRA Paper 35763, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Giulia La Mattina, 2014. "Civil Conflict, Sex Ratio and Intimate Partner Violence in Rwanda," HiCN Working Papers 175, Households in Conflict Network.

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